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In the Industrial Hemp Regulations, industrial hemp includes Cannabis plants and plant parts, of any variety, that contains 0.3% tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) or less in the leaves and flowering heads.

Industrial hemp also includes the derivatives of industrial hemp plants and plant parts. These do not include the flowering parts or the leaves.

Examples of derivatives that are considered industrial hemp include: hemp seed oil (oil derived from seed or grain) and hemp flour.

Industrial hemp does not include:

Non-viable Cannabis seeds, except for their derivatives. While the derivatives of non-viable Cannabis seeds are considered to be industrial hemp, the non-viable seeds themselves are not industrial hemp; Mature Cannabis stalks, when those stalks are stripped of their leaves, flowers, seeds, and branches; Fiber derived from such mature Cannabis stalks. Most activities with non-viable cannabis seeds, with bare mature cannabis stalks (without leaves, flowers, seeds, and branches), and with fiber derived from bare mature cannabis stalks, are not controlled under the CDSA. As such, they do not require authorization.

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How To Prune Your Cannabis Plants

Many plants on Earth benefit from being pruned from time to time. The cannabis plant is certainly one of those plants. Properly pruning cannabis plants can help the plant reach its full potential by increasing the yield and quality of harvests. Improper pruning or too much pruning can be detrimental to a cannabis plant, and in some cases, can even kill the cannabis plant.

What are the major benefits of pruning marijuana plants? When does a cannabis cultivator know that it is time to start pruning your plants? What are the best pruning methods if pruning is appropriate? What are some common pitfalls when it comes to cannabis pruning? We will explore each of those questions in detail below.

Why Prune Cannabis Plants?

The two most important reasons for pruning cannabis plants are to increase airflow and increase light transparency. Some cannabis strains are notorious for producing an abundance of huge fan leaves, while other cannabis strains may not produce as many leaves. Fan leaves typically do not have trichomes on them, whereas sugar leaves are heavily coated with trichomes.

For strains that do not produce a lot of fan leaves, pruning branches and leaves will not be as important. However, for strains that produce a lot of leaf growth, pruning is a must to keep the plant healthy and happy. If a cannabis plant has too many fan leaves, essentially laying on top of each other, airflow is impeded and moisture can be locked inside the inner region of the plant, creating a breeding ground for various plant diseases such as powdery mildew.

Light transparency is really important for a cannabis plant’s growth. Not only do the inner and lower parts of the plant need access to direct light to ensure uniform growth, light can also help cannabis plants fight off disease. Most importantly, light transparency increases the number of buds on a cannabis plant and makes the bud sites more uniform in size.

Sometimes cannabis pruning is needed because of garden space issues. If you grow cannabis in a confined space, leaves can become pressed up against walls, creating the same issues as leaves laying on top of each other. For growers who are trying to be discreet, plants may need to be a certain size so that they don’t draw unwanted attention. In those situations, ongoing pruning may be necessary as the plant grows.

When To Prune Cannabis Plants

Knowing when to prune your plants is very important. Cannabis cultivators should avoid pruning cannabis plants leading up to the flower stage and definitely during the flowering stage. The best time to prune cannabis plants is early in the cultivation process, preferably in the first week or two of the vegetative growth stage.

A cannabis plant starts to produce leaves throughout the vegetative stage, however, it stops producing new leaves once the plant goes into the flower stage. Fan leaves will get larger, however, they will not regenerate. Any leaf that is cut off during the flower stage will not come back, so always keep that in mind. Once it’s gone, it’s gone.

As legendary cultivation expert Kyle Kushman points out, fan leaves are like the solar collectors for the cannabis plant, so cultivators want to be very mindful when removing them. Fan leaves play a big role in collecting sunlight for the photosynthesis process. They also directly contribute to the size and overall health of the cannabis plant. The only time that leaves should be removed in the flower phase is if the leaf is showing signs of disease or pest infestation, or if it’s required due to space limitations.

How To Prune A Cannabis Plant

The best approach to pruning a cannabis plant is a strategy that Kyle Kushman describes as “selective leaf pruning.” The ultimate goal when it comes to pruning is to increase light transparency toward the middle of the cannabis plant and airflow throughout the plant. With that in mind, start the pruning process toward the middle of the plant.

Watch air from a fan or wind go across the plant to identify areas where big clumps of leaves are catching the moving air. If the leaves are moving in a similar fashion to the sail on a boat, then some of the fan leaves probably need to be removed in order to increase airflow to areas that are most susceptible to moisture-related issues.

Also, removing the lowest branches helps fight off pests that might reside in the grow medium being used. The lowest branches typically do not yield desirable cannabis, and removing them helps the plant focus its energy on the upper branches, where the bulk of the quality flowers are produced.

Big fan leaves that are pointing toward the middle of the plant should also be removed to boost light transparency. You want to be mindful of future growth, and ultimately, you want to have branches growing laterally versus horizontally to ensure that as much of the plant as possible is getting direct light. If you combine proper pruning techniques with strategic bracing of branches, the end result is a plant that is wide and packed with buds. Be careful when bracing — branches break, and when they break, they usually die.

Cannabis Pruning Tips & Common Mistakes

It takes time and practice to become a master cannabis plant pruner. Novice cannabis cultivators will likely commit a mistake or two that they will hopefully learn from. The most common mistake of pruning a cannabis plant during the flower phase was already covered, however, there are other common mistakes that should be avoided.

Arguably the most common mistake that newbie cannabis cultivators make is stripping too many of the fan leaves from the plant. Cultivators should not prune more than 1/3 of the fan leaves on a cannabis plant in any given pruning session. Also, pruning sessions should be limited. Ideally, cultivators should only have to do bulk pruning once or twice on a cannabis plant.

Pruning limitations should not be confused with picking off dead leaves here and there. Always remove the leaves that are dead or showing signs of disease and/or pest infestation. If you have already stripped a cannabis plant too aggressively, yet it’s still in the vegetative stage, you can help address the issue by letting the plant remain in the vegetative stage longer than originally planned. Obviously, that is not something that is an option for everyone and it is situation dependent.

Kochia

Weed biology often informs management decisions. Weed management practices that disrupt the weed’s life cycle by targeting weak points will result in better weed control. The biology of kochia is particularly problematic because of its ability to emerge in early-spring, grow rapidly, and tolerate heat, drought, and saline soil conditions. The spread of kochia, including widespread herbicide-resistant biotypes, is facilitated by obligate outcrossing and tumbleweed physical seed dispersal mechanisms. Small emerging kochia seedlings have leaves that are densely covered in small, fine, white hairs in what is commonly referred to as the button stage. Herbicide applications during button stage are discouraged (as often stated on herbicide label) as leaf hairs can reduce foliar absorption of herbicides by suspending droplets above the leaf cuticle on the leaf hairs.

Around two weeks after seedling emergence, leaf hair density decreases as leaves grow. After the button stage, kochia leaves maintain fine leaf hairs on the bottom of the leaf, while leaf tops are smooth. It is common to see high seedling densities, especially around the location where the parent plant was growing before detaching from the soil when mature. This is often referred to as a “kochia mat.”

Kochia leaves are alternate with simple blades that are highly pubescent and arise on erect, highly branched stems. Kochia flowers are inconspicuous without petals, and on a given flower the stigmas emerge prior to anther development which facilitates cross pollination between plants. Flowers develop in clusters in the axils of upper leaves and in terminal spikes. Seeds are around 1.5 mm long and develop in star shaped fruit that are brown and flattened. Kochia has a shallow taproot which can be easily pulled or hoed out at early growth stages. Once fully matured, an abscission layer near the soil surface allows for whole plants to detach and bounce across the landscape dropping seed in a wind-driven process known as ‘Tumble mechanism’.

Kochia is a summer annual broadleaf weed species native to Eurasia and was introduced to the Americas as an ornamental in the mid to late 1800s by European immigrants. Ornamental kochia escaped cultivation and formed naturalized populations that now occur throughout most of the continent, especially in arid and semiarid environments. The ability to grow in dry, saline soils has led to adaptation and widespread distribution of kochia in the arid west and semi-arid Great Plains.

Kochia growth and architecture is highly influenced by inter and intraspecific competition. When growing with competing vegetation, growth is more erect, single stemmed and taller; when growing in the absence of competing vegetation, it is more bushy and multi-branched with a larger plant diameter. In moderately dense kochia stands that promote erect, taller primary axis growth, plants can get over six feet tall. While in low competition environments high light intensity suppresses apical dominance and lateral growth resulting in plants typically around three feet tall with oval growth forms and a diameter similar to its height.

Where is kochia a problem?

Kochia is common in rangeland, pastures, and crop production systems where it has adapted and thrives in semiarid to arid regions of North America. It is also commonly found along roadsides, ditch banks, railroad tracks, and in other disturbed sites as a ruderal species. Kochia is competitive in cropping systems due to its ability to germinate and emerge early at low soil temperatures, grow rapidly, and tolerate heat, drought, and saline soil conditions. In areas at high risk of saline seep development, dense kochia patches are a common indicator of increasing soil salinity in crop fields. With further herbicide-resistance development, kochia is becoming more problematic in chemical-fallow fields.

What is the emergence pattern of kochia?

Kochia has a wide window of emergence due to the unique ability to germinate at low temperatures as early as January and continue to emerge throughout the summer into July. High seedling emergence in early spring and continued emergence into mid or late-summer means kochia must be managed from early spring through late summer. Kochia seed does not generally exhibit innate dormancy so mature seeds are readily germinable and will germinate rapidly under favorable conditions, prolonging the emergence period.

What is the lifecycle of a kochia plant like?

Kochia can germinate in low temperatures early in the spring with emergence extending into July. Kochia will grow vegetative throughout the spring and summer before flowering; it can produce copious amounts of pollen. In the fall, fully senesced mature kochia plants will detach at the soil surface and tumble across the landscape, dropping seeds with each impact, in a wind-driven process that spreads seeds long distances.

How does kochia spread?

Kochia physically spreads seeds via a tumbling mechanism where the senesced (mature) plant’s stem breaks at the soil surface, which allows the plant to roll across the landscape in the fall dropping seed along the way in a wind-driven process. Studies have shown that kochia tumbleweeds can move up to 3,280 feet (plants were stopped at fence line at this distance), and pollen from kochia can move up to 315 feet, allowing for the rapid physical spread and genetic exchange between individuals.

How many seeds can kochia produce and how long can those seeds survive?

Kochia is a prolific seed producer. Seed production per plant can vary widely depending on stand density and the extent of intra- and interspecific competition. Seed production of field-grown kochia has been shown to range from 2,000 to 30,000 seeds per plant, with an average of around 14,000 seeds per plant. More recent evaluations of seed production from kochia growing in sugarbeets have shown that individual kochia plants can produce over 100,000 seeds per plant. Kochia seed is relatively short lived in the soil with a mean seed bank longevity of 1-2 years. Kochia seedlings typically cannot emerge from greater than two inches deep in the soil.

What other biological weaknesses does kochia have that can be targeted with management techniques?

The weakest points in a kochia plant’s life cycle are the seed and seedling growth stage. The seeds are short-lived and germinate rapidly under favorable conditions in the top two inches of the soil. Management efforts should focus on suppressing weed seed germination and seedling emergence through strategic tillage, preemergence (PRE) herbicides, and competitive crops. The wind-driven tumbleweed dispersal mechanism allows the use of fence lines or physical barriers to minimize the movement of kochia between fields, although an extensive build up of kochia tumbleweeds on fences can occur. Planting a few rows of a stiff stemmed crop like corn or sorghum along field borders of the prevailing winds can help prevent kochia tumbleweeds from dispersing their seeds in the field. An unharvested strip of small grains can be left as a kochia barrier, too, though it is not as effective as corn.

Herbicide Resistance

This graph shows documented cases of herbicide-resistant kochia in the US that have been reported to the International Herbicide-Resistant Weed Database, www.weedscience.org. Both resistance to a single herbicide group, as well as resistance to multiple herbicide groups, are displayed. Contact your local extension office for details about resistance in your area and management options.

*Herbicide names listed are representative products that contain specific active ingredients. Last updated on: 8-10-2020

Integrated Weed Management Strategies

Cultural Tactics: Focusing on control of emerged seedlings prior to planting through strategic shallow-tillage (e.g. Undercutter/V-blade) to remove germinated seedlings where acceptable can help manage early emerging kochia. Establishing competitive crops using optimum planting dates, row spacing, seeding rates, and competitive varieties that close their canopy faster can help crops to compete with kochia, especially during early critical weed free periods. Establishing competitive crops such as winter wheat has been shown to reduce kochia biomass in field studies by over 99% compared to treatments without wheat. Mowing kochia closer to flowering has been shown to reduce seed densities the following year by 98% and reduce biomass by 33% compared to a non-mowed control in a surface mining reclamation project. Chemical fallow is commonly used in the high plains, however the development of herbicide-resistance to commonly used fallow herbicides allows for maximum kochia growth and seed production in the absence of plant competition. Kochia that are able to grow in chemical fallow can rapidly spread a resistance trait through both seed and pollen dispersal. Resistance to glyphosate (RoundUp) is commonly seen in chemical fallow with the meandering trails of kochia throughout the field

Cover Crops: Fall-sown cover crops can compete with both late-fall and early-spring emerging kochia to help minimize kochia growth and biomass production. Fall-sown triticale has been shown to reduce kochia densities by 78 to 94% and biomass by 98% compared with kochia in chemical fallow. Because kochia and spring-planted cover crops both germinate at the same time in early spring, spring-planted cover crops are not effective at reducing kochia densities or biomass. This emphasizes the value of fall-sown cover crops for kochia suppression. Fall-sown cover crops that produce the most biomass are most effective at suppressing kochia. However, evaluation of cover crops for weed suppression in semiarid environments has concluded that growing cover crops instead of fallowing is not beneficial if there is insufficient moisture for the subsequent cash crop at planting. However, if adequate precipitation or irrigation is present, cover crops can reduce soil moisture evaporation and help conserve moisture for crop establishment.

Mechanical: Early spring tillage prior to crop planting provides good control of early emerging seedlings. Less intensive, shallower ridge tillage has been shown to increase kochia densities up to 50 fold, which can be used to promote spring germination and emergence for subsequent control. If herbicide resistance becomes a major issue in a given field, strategic deep tillage (e.g. moldboard plowing) (> every five years) can help reduce population numbers by inverting the soil and burying kochia to a depth where it is no longer able to germinate or remain viable (since average viability is two years). Studies have shown that preplant plowing can reduce kochia densities by 4.5 and 45 fold compared to disk or ridge tillage, respectively, showing the impact of burying kochia more than two inches deep. Mowing kochia before or during flowering is an effective strategy to reduce seed production. However, regrowth can occur which may require repeated mowing depending on time of year.

Chemical: Kochia has evolved resistance to several different herbicide modes of action (MOAs) (resistance to multiple MOAs within populations has been documented) which limits the use of those herbicide groups on certain populations. It is necessary to know if resistance to certain MOAs is present in a given population to formulate a successful herbicide program.

Chemical-fallow control of kochia is often where herbicide resistance, especially to glyphosate, is observed. Herbicide resistant populations are readily visible, with meandering trails of individuals (resistant progeny seed dropped as the parent plant tumbles across a field in the fall) surviving chemical applications in fallow fields. With increased glyphosate-resistant kochia in fallow, alternative auxin herbicides such as dicamba (Clarity) or fluroxypyr (Starane Ultra) are commonly used. However, resistance is continuing to evolve to these herbicides as selection pressure switches from glyphosate to auxin herbicides.

Whether entering a fallow or cropping rotation, starting clean by removing weeds and planting into weed-free fields is critical to minimize weed competition for resources. Burndown products that contain glyphosate (RoundUp), glufosinate (Liberty), or paraquat (Gramoxone) are effective at controlling smaller emerged kochia prior to planting or entering a fallow period. Diversifying weed management strategies for kochia are essential to preserve and extend the longevity of currently effective chemical control methods.

Within crops there are many PRE and POST herbicide options available for kochia control, however, herbicide resistance present at the field level will dictate efficacy of these products. Herbicide applications to kochia should be avoided during the early button stage due to dense leaf hairs that can reduce foliar adsorption. Reducing seed germination with PRE herbicides, as well as targeting smaller, more vulnerable kochia seedlings, should be the focus of chemical control programs.

Herbicide resistance to group 2 (ALS), group 9 (EPSPS-inhibitor on the plot), group 5 (PSII), and group 4 (Synthetic Auxins) has resulted in a need to start clean with PRE herbicides as the foundation for kochia control programs. Examples include products that contain pyroxasulfone (Zidua) or s-metolachlor (Dual II Magnum), sulfentrazone (Spartan), HPPD-inhibitors (eg isoxaflutole or mesotrione), metribuzin (Sencor), saflufenacil (Sharpen), dicamba (PRE), and atrazine (depending on if triazine resistance is present) or combinations of above. Postemergence herbicides that contain glyphosate (RoundUp), glufosinate (Liberty), dicamba, fluroxypyr (Starane Ultra), mesotrione (Callisto), tembotrione (Laudis), bromoxynil (Buctril), pyrasulfotole, atrazine, or combinations of the above, are effective at controlling susceptible kochia populations in various crops or fallow. Diversifying chemical control tactics and targeting smaller, more vulnerable growth stages can help reduce herbicide resistance development in kochia.

Biological: There are currently no biological control agents for kochia. Kochia is so ubiquitous that biological control is not a realistic option.

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Overseeding Your Lawn – 11 Tips That Actually Work

Overseeding is the process of applying grass seed over an existing lawn. The experts all agree that regular overseeding is vital to help thicken your lawn and fill in bare spots, which reduces or eliminates competition from weeds. The reasoning is that young grass will produce new growth faster than older grass. After several years, mature plants begin to slow down their reproduction rate. With that in mind, I’ve found the following tips extremely helpful in successfully overseeeding (and re-seeding from scratch for that matter). It is certainly frustrating to go through all the work and expense of seeding an area, only to have the results be less than satisfactory. Follow these tips and you’re virtually guaranteed to succeed!

1. Start by Cutting Your Lawn Low

Before you begin overseeding your lawn you should mow your lawn at a low setting and bag the clippings. Don’t set it so low that you scalp your lawn, but as low as possible.

2. Make sure the Seeds are in Contact With the Soil

Seeds must come into direct contact with the soil in order to germinate. Research shows that if seed is laid on top of old grass, you will have about a 2% germination rate. Vigorously rake the existing grass, then add a shallow layer (around 1/4”) of topsoil to the yard prior to seeding. Consider renting a slice seeder if you’re over-seeding a large area.

Once this is done, and your seed is applied, I recommend applying a thin layer of peat moss to the soil to very slightly cover the seed and help in retaining moisture. Peat moss also provides a number of residual benefits to your lawn, such as the improvement of aeration. Since it’ comprised of organic material it also adds nutrients to your lawn’s soil. Some people recommend using straw to cover the seed, however straw is unsightly, doesn’t decompose quickly, or retain as much moisture, and is known to introduce weeds.

3. Make Sure the Seeds get Enough Sun

Seed also needs exposure to sunlight. A heavy cover of straw, soil, or other material will cause the seeds to rot, or severely limit germination. Cover seeds with no more than 1/4” of top dressing.

4. Keep Your Trees Judiciously Pruned

Most lawn grasses prefer full sun (around 6 hrs per day) and don’t do well in shade. To help your new grass thrive, consider giving your trees a liberal pruning. A thinner, higher canopy will allow more light and rain to reach your grass, and go a long way towards helping your grass grow.

I have a large Red Maple in my front yard that hadn’t been pruned in ages. There was literally no grass growing under it by virtue of how much shade the tree was creating. And that’s with Southern exposure. After aggressively pruning it, not only does the tree look much better, the grass underneath is now thriving.

5. Keep the Seed Wet, But Not Too Wet

Water is an important factor in successful seeding, and the step that usually takes the most work. The newly seeded areas must be kept constantly moist for weeks. Allowing the soil to dry out even for an hour during the critical germination phase can result in seedling death. This may require that you give the seeded areas a light watering two to three times a day for the first few weeks. After that, you will still need to keep the seedlings watered on a regular basis. At this stage you should water less frequently, but a little deeper. Be careful not to soak the soil repeatedly or you could encourage root rot diseases. As the grass grows, allow the soil to dry slightly before watering again. See my article on watering for more information.

The soil should feel moist but not muddy. Obviously doing this much watering by hand wouldn’t be practical, so I highly recommend getting a timer. This one from Amazon is the best one out there. See my article on irrigation.

6. No Herbicides or Weed Control

The number one enemy of newly seeded lawns are herbicides. Make sure that no weed control or weed prevention chemical has been used in the area, as those products will also prevent or inhibit germination. When used on very new lawns, herbicides will kill off the new grass.

7. Choose the Right Time of Year

Choosing the right time of year is all about soil temperature. Make sure the ground is warm enough, but not too warm. Temperature plays a critical role in seed germination. Soil temperatures must be at least 55 degrees Fahrenheit (13 degrees Celsius) for northern type turf grass seed to germinate (Bluegrass, ryegrass, fescue). Air temperature must typically be between 60 and 80 degrees Fahrenheit (15-26 degrees Celsius). Southern seed types (bermudagrass, zoysiagrass, bahiagrass, etc) need soil temperatures of at least 70 degrees Fahrenheit (21 degrees Celsius), with air temperatures in the 80’s or higher (21 degrees Celsius or above). Seeds will not germinate if the temperatures are cold at night, or are fluctuating from high day temperature to very low night time temperatures. Very hot weather will also inhibit seed germination.

In most areas, grass seed is best planted before or after summer. That’s primarily because it’s almost impossible to keep new seed moist in the summer without nearly constant watering. The other problem with summer planting is that the soil prep work opens up the area to weed seeds, which readily germinate in the heat.

Throughout much of the northern half of the U.S and Canada, early fall is the best time for sowing grass. The soil is warm, but daytime temperatures are moderate, making watering less of a problem, and the weeds are less likely to grow. I like to start seeding at the earliest first week of September and will push into the first week of October if I have to. By late October, the new grass should be thick and strong enough to survive the winter. Keep in mind that a newly seeded lawn will need one full growing season before it’s mature and well-established.

Sometimes seeding in the Spring is unavoidable. I usually have a few spots that need touching up every spring. In this case, keep a close eye on the soil and air temperatures before getting started. Sometimes the window is small before it gets too hot.

8. Apply a Starter Fertilizer

I recommend applying a starter fertilizer when you sow the seeds, and then add more fertilizer three to four weeks later. That’s necessary because all the watering you do to make the seedlings grow actually pushes the first application of fertilizer out of the top layer of soil, putting it beyond the reach of the young roots.

9. Don’t Mow Too Early

Once the surrounding grass starts to grow it’s tempting to get the mower out, however, you need to wait until the seed germinates and reaches at least two inches. It may take two to three weeks, depending on the seed type. If you mow before the seed germinates, you run the risk of picking up loose seed, and killing small seedlings with the lawn mower. Similarly, you should limit activity on the lawn – walking on it, etc, in order to allow the seeds to reach full germination.

10. Watch Carefully for Grubs and Other Problems in the First Year

If you’re re-seeding a large area keep in mind that a newly a seeded lawn will need at least one full growing season before it’s mature and well-established. During this period it is much more vulnerable to pests, weeds, and diseases. I had the misfortune of having a grub infestation in my first summer following seeding. By the time I realized, a large amount of damage had already been done, since the grubs eat the roots. The birds and other animals digging up the grubs just made the situation worse. I would recommend considering applying nematodes preemptively in the first summer following seeding. They don’t cost very much and can save a lot of heartache. As happened to me, often by the time you realize you have an infestation, the damage has been done.

During this first year, also pay extra attention to pulling weeds. If the grass hasn’t fully grown in there’s a good chance that you’ll have more weeds than normal since the ground has been cultivated and made ideal for germination.

11. Finally, Choose the Right Seed

Before overseeding a lawn, it is important to choose a seed that is compatible with your grass and climate/growing zone. You should try to use a seed that is as similar as possible to your existing grass. See my article on Grass Types. Selecting the right type of grass is key, and planting a variety of species helps your lawn become established as the seeds’ strengths and weaknesses offset each other. In general, mixtures are more likely to survive adverse weather conditions, like heat and drought, than a single-seed lawn. My go-to seed is Scott’s Sun and Shade mix (check price on Amazon)

Be careful about using bargain store seed brands for overseeding lawns. Bargain seed is often poor quality and can contain multiple undesirable varieties.

Reading a Seed Bag Label

Here’s what each of the important label elements mean:

A. Pure Seed: Look for a blend of two or more varieties. A single variety is more susceptible to being wiped out by disease.

B. Variety: Every common grass, should have a variety name. If no variety name is listed, it’s a lower quality seed.

C. Other Crop Seed: These are annual grasses, such as wheat or rye. Be wary if there’s more than 2.5 percent.

D. Inert Matter: This is the stuff that won’t grow, such as dirt and stale seeds. More than 3 percent is a red flag, unless it’s a seed coating meant to enhance germination.

E. Weed Seed: No bag is completely weed-free, but avoid ones with more than 0.2 percent of these seeds.

F. Noxious Weeds: The best bags will have none of these.

G. Tested: Like an expiration date. Walk away from bags with a test date more than one year old.

Conclusion

In conclusion, overseeding is a vital lawn practice to maintaining a thick, healthy lawn. Follow these simple steps and you’ll never dread seeding again! Good luck and happy seeding. Let me know in the comments below if you have any suggestions you think I should add or amend.

Check out all of my recommended seeding gear here!

Here is a before and after picture of my front lawn re-seeding/overseeding. Half of it was re-seeded, the other overseeded. The transformation was amazing.

Top Dressing Lawn: Benefits and Advice

It happens to the best of us. Despite your best efforts, some years your lawn just goes to complete junk.

A lot of times things may look good in the spring, but as the heat of the summer sets in you can be overwhelmed with problems.

Weeds, fungus, grubs, and heat stress, can attack your lawn, and your sanity. As defeating as this can be, there is plenty of reason to be hopeful.

The cooler weather is around the corner and that means it’s the perfect time to top dress your lawn.

Top dressing your lawn, especially when combined with core aerating and overseeding, is the best way to renovate your lawn.

What Is Lawn Top Dressing?

Top dressing is the process of spreading a thin layer of material (usually compost or sand) over your lawn, or sections of your lawn. This layer is only about a 1/4″ and is meant to amend the soil of your lawn while letting the existing grass grow through the top dressing material.

It is important to be clear that when top dressing your lawn you don’t want to cover your lawn in a thick layer that suffocates it.

Instead, you are looking to improve soil conditions for your existing lawn while providing a good environment for new seed to germinate.

Benefits of Top Dressing

1. Improves Soil- Top dressing adds nutrients to your lawn organically and improves drainage.

2. Breaks Down Thatch- The top dressing material helps to break down the thatch layer in your lawn.

3. Levels Lawn- If you have areas of your lawn that are bumpy top dressing is a great way to smooth out these areas.

4. Helps Seed Germinate- If overseeding your lawn, top dressing allows seed to make direct contact with soil which is best for germination.

5. Helps In Renovating Distressed Lawn- If there are bare spots in your lawn, or if your lawn is being crowded out by weeds, top dressing is your best bet for correcting soil conditions and incorporating new seed.

Top dressing is even more effective when done after core aerating.

When Is the Best Time to Top Dress

The best time to top dress your lawn is when it is actively growing and you are heading into prime growing conditions.

For cool season grasses late summer/early fall is best.

You hear a lot of talk about fall being a good time to seed your lawn, but in colder climates you have to be careful. In some regions if you wait until fall, the soil temperatures will likely be too cool for germination.

For warm season grasses the best time to top dress is early summer. This is when warm season grasses begin to take off.

How to Top Dress a Lawn

1. Test Your Soil- If you’re thinking of top dressing your lawn, chances are you had some lawn issues come up. Now is a great time to do a soil test to make sure you correct any nutrient deficiencies or to see if your lawns ph needs a tweak.

2. Kill Lawn Weeds- A couple of days before you top dress, go around your lawn and spot treat any weeds using a good herbicide that kills weeds without killing your lawn.

3. Dig Out Bad Sections- If you have any areas of poa, bentgrass, or other clump forming nuisance grasses then it is best to manually dig these out using an edging shovel. These grasses can be tough to control with herbicides.

4. Purchase Quality Material- Purchase quality compost to add nutrients to your lawn. Purchase coarse sand if you want to add drainage. You can also mix compost and sand together to receive the benefits of both.

Make sure you don’t get a screened sand with a lot of fines, it could actually make your drainage problem worse.

Don’t skimp out and try to save money on this step. The whole reason you are doing all this work is to amend your lawns soil, so make sure you are doing so with a quality product.

5. Make Small Piles- Fill your wheelbarrow with your material and dump a bunch of small piles over your lawn. Dumping small piles will make it a lot easier to rake out later on and ensure that you are creating a thin layer.

6. Rake In Piles- Any rake should do the job but an aluminum landscape rake is best since it does the best job of creating a smooth layer. This is especially useful if you are trying to smooth out a yard that is bumpy.

Be sure to break up any clumps of compost and make sure you thoroughly rake out each area so it is no more then a 1/4” thick. There should be plenty of grass visible once your material is raked in.

7. Apply Starter Fertilizer- Apply a starter fertilizer. Starter fertilizers have a higher middle number which is phosphorus. Phosphorus helps in root growth and early development.

When applying fertilizer use a good broad cast spreader and apply twice in opposite directions. Just make sure you decrease the settings on your spreader accordingly.

For example if the bag of fertilizer says to set your spreader at a 3.5 then I set the dial to a 2 (rounding up) and apply twice in opposite directions. For a better understanding of fertilizer application rates check this out: Fertilizer Application

8. Apply Seed- After applying your starter fertilizer it’s time to apply your seed. Once again, use a broadcast spreader and apply twice in opposite directions.

Do some research before just purchasing any bag of seed.

Here in the northeast, you can’t go wrong using this northeast mix. It is definitely not the cheapest, which is good. You don’t want the cheapest! Stay away from the cheap stuff, especially anything that says contractors mix.

9. Irrigate- Don’t forget to setup irrigation! If you don’t have an irrigation system then check out this battery operated irrigation controller. You can schedule them to come on multiple times a day.

You can set up to 4 zones per controller and get atleast 2 sprinklers per zone. This will cover a lot of square footage and get you out of moving sprinklers all day.

The early to late summer weather can be unpredictable. Really hot days can pop up. Be sure to monitor the weather and plan for these hot days. New seed needs to be constantly damp to germinate.

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confetti cake seeds

Confetti cake seeds

Copyright © 2020 CopyCat Genetix Photography – All Rights Reserved.

Warning! Germination of cannabis/hemp seeds is illegal in most countries including the U.S. These seeds are sold by Copy Cat Genetics as collectable adult souvenirs to help preserve the cannabis/hemp genetics for future generations. Any information on the packaging of the seeds, marketing material or websites, is given for the educational purpose or purposes of differentiation. It is not intended to condone, promote or incite the use of illegal or controlled substances. As a CopyCatGenetixx.com customer, you are prohibited from distributing seeds we supply to countries where possession of and/or trafficking in Cannabis/hemp seeds or other seeds is illegal. CopyCatGenetixx.com is a American company and sells predominately to North American customers. By selling cannabis/hemp sativa seeds to persons unable to grow cannabis, we are helping to circulate and preserve the pool of cannabis/hemp genetics. The illegality of cannabis/hemp has caused a major reduction in its gene pool, leading to a higher risk of extinction of major cannabis/hemp seed strains. This cannot be allowed to happen it is our responsibility and human right to protect Natures genetics.

WE HOLD NO RESPONSIBILITY FOR ANYONE BREAKING THE LAWS OF THERE COUNTRY/STATE.

Confetti Cake

The Leafly Guide to Cannabis image pictured above was created with data provided by Confidence Analytics.
Test Date: 1.31.2019
Scan the QR Code with your smartphone camera on the image carousel for more information or visit https://client.conflabs.com/pdf/jcKgjYxqJR3P-6012021.pdf to see the official Certificate of Analysis.

The top three terpenes in this cultivar were Limeonene (.66), Myrcene (.21), Linalool (.19)

Limonene (LIM-o-neen): Citrus. Believed to provide anxiety and stress relief.
Myrcene (MUR-seen). Herbal. Most common terpene.
Linalool (LINN-uh-lool). Floral Also found in lavender and believed to promote relaxation.

Foreign Matter+Seeds: Pass
LossOnDrying(Moisture): Pass
Water Activity: Pass
Microbiological: Pass
Mycotoxins: Pass
Pesticides: Pass

This product has intoxicating effects and may be habit-forming. Marijuana can impair concentration, coordination, and judgment. Do not operate a vehicle or machinery under the influence of this drug. There may be health risks associated with consumption of this product. For use only by adults twenty-one and older. Keep out of the reach of children.

Confetti cake seeds

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Мы привлекаем к этому партнеров по маркетингу и рекламе (которые могут располагать собранной ими самими информацией). Отказ не означает прекращения демонстрации рекламы Etsy или изменений в алгоритмах персонализации Etsy, но может привести к тому, что реклама будет повторяться чаще и станет менее актуальной. Подробнее в нашей Политике в отношении файлов Cookie и схожих технологий.

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sour headband seeds

Sour Headband seeds

Buy Sour Headband seeds online with Seedsbay. Here you will find detailed information on the Sour Headband cannabis seeds, from specifications and reviews to flavors and effects. We have listed every seedshop where you can buy Sour Headband seeds along their offers. Compare prices on Sour Headband seeds and get the best deal for yourself!

Unfortunatly, there are no offers available to buy Sour Headband seeds. Do you know a seedshop selling Sour Headband seeds? Send us a message and we will add the offer as soon as possible.

Unfortunatly, there are no offers available to buy Sour Headband seeds. Do you know a seedshop selling Sour Headband seeds? Send us a message and we will add the offer as soon as possible.

Sour Headband specifications

Read the Sour Headband seed specifications in the table below. The values may vary between the different seedbanks where you can buy Sour Headband seeds.

Variety 25% Indica and 75% Sativa
THC level 21.5%
CBD Level Low

About Sour Headband seeds

Sour Headband is a strain with both the indica as the sativa variety and has a THC percentage of 21.5%. This strain has a low percentage of CBD. Sour Headband has similarities with Headband and Sour Diesel and is a combination of 25% indica and 75% sativa. Grow Sour Headband seeds and get a fine marijuana plant with generous crops. Grow Sour Headband seeds into a nice and bushy marijuana plant, the Sour Headband has an average flowering time.

The Sour Headband has a Pungent, Skunk, Cheese, Woody and Diesel taste and the sour headband has a euphoric, happy, uplifted, energetic and focused effects.You cannot buy Sour Headband seeds in one single seedbank on the internet, as soon as we know a shop which are selling Sour Headband seeds, we will post it here.

Sour Headband flavors

Is it good to know what the flavor of Sour Headband is before you buy Sour Headband seeds online. It said Sour Headband tastes mostly like:

  • Pungent
  • Skunk
  • Cheese
  • Woody
  • Diesel

Sour Headband effects

You want to buy Sour Headband seeds? Get yourself informed about the effects of the Sour Headband strain. Sour Headband is known for the following effects:

  • Euphoric
  • Happy
  • Uplifted
  • Energetic
  • Focused

Sour Headband reviews

Read what other people has to say about Sour Headband seeds.

Most helpfull

Grady from Bangladesh

Love Sour Kush or Sour headband big fan like most people of diesel.Picked up x’s from in El Mirage AZ.Love this strain for ADL’s or to help with migraines and hyper-vigilance with out and about public activity’s.Feel on top of the world with ease in my tension and anxiety.

Most recent

Elijah G. Mcbride from Offenbach am Main

Excellent. A true sativa that will keep you functional to get through your workday. Strong head high and elevated my mood tremendously! A winner here; I absolutely concur with the other reviewers who’ve said “omg” and “shyte’s right”!

Sour headband seeds

Very citrusy/fruity aroma, slightly harsh toke, incredible high. Got me through my moderately physical work day while dealing with gout and inflammation. Barely noticed the pain, and coupled with some green tea, my energy level was through the roof 6 hours straight with a happy carefree high that made work a pleasure.

Very nice, tight nugs. Had some last night with my female friend, she got completely necked. Very arousing strain and make sure to hydrate.

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sweet nina seeds

Sweet Nina

Here you can find all info about Sweet Nina from Colorado Seed Inc.. If you are searching for information about Sweet Nina from Colorado Seed Inc., check out our Basic Infos or Lineage / Genealogy for this cannabis variety here at this page and follow the links to get even more information. If you have any personal experiences with growing or consuming this cannabis variety, please use the upload links to add them to the database!

Basic / Breeders Info

Sweet Nina is an indica/sativa variety from Colorado Seed and can be cultivated indoors (where the plants will need a flowering time of ±56 days ) and outdoors . Colorado Seeds Sweet Nina is a THC dominant variety and is/was never available as feminized seeds.

Colorado Seeds Sweet Nina Description

A beautiful hybrid with a sweet infusion into the Hindu Kush. Shorter to mid-statured plants with thick buds on strong stems. Licorice, limes, and funk compete for flavor dominance. Heavy purple tendencies as well for this one.

User experience is hybrid and medicinal, with the normally sleepy Hindu Kush balanced by the Nina’s uplift. Unique and smooth flavor

Sweet Nina Lineage / Genealogy

  • Sweet Nina »»» Hindu Kush x Nina Limone »»» Indica
    • »»» Super Lemon Haze x Rebel God Smoke
      • »»» Super Silver Haze x Lemon Skunk
        • »»» <(Haze x Haze) x Skunk #1> x <(Haze x Haze) x NL #5>
        • (Haze x Haze) x Skunk #1
            x Haze

                • »»» Mexico x Colombia x Thailand x India »»» Sativa »»» Sativa »»» Sativa »»» Sativa
                  (specified above)
                    • »»» Afghanistan x Mexico x Colombia »»» Indica »»» Sativa »»» Sativa
                      x Haze (specified above)
                        »»» Mostly Indica
                      • »»» Original Skunk x Citral Probably Pakistan (Chitral)
                          (specified above)
                        • »»» Cinderella 99 x Gupta Kush
                          • »»» Princess x P94
                            • »»» Jack Herer x Mystery Male
                              • »»» Haze x x Shiva Skunk
                                  (specified above)
                                    F1

                                    • »»» Northern Lights #5 x Skunk #1 F1 (specified above) (specified above)
                                    • »»» Princess x Cinderella 88 (specified above)
                                      • »»» Princess x P.75 (specified above)
                                        • »»» Princess x P.50 (specified above)
                                          • »»» Princess x Shiva Skunk (specified above) (specified above)
                                          • »»» Ghost Og Moonshine x Rugburn Og BX2 BX
                                            • »»» x Ghost OG BX x Blue Moonshine
                                                  Ghost cut Probably

                                                  • »»» Chemdawg x Probably x Hindu Kush, Pakistan
                                                      »»» Sativa
                                                      »»» Indica
                                                      »»» Indica
                                                      F3

                                                        F2

                                                          F1

                                                          • »»» Temple Flo x HTAF F1 F3
                                                              • »»» Purple Thai x Afghani
                                                                • »»» H.O.G. x Chocolate Thai
                                                                    »»» Sativa
                                                                    »»» Sativa
                                                                    Probably Indica »»» Indica
                                                                  • »»» Thailand x Afghani F1 »»» Sativa (specified above)
                                                                  • »»» Ghost OG x Rare Dankness #1 (specified above) BX2
                                                                    • »»» Triangle Kush x BX2 x (Ghost OG x Chem Dawg)
                                                                        x Chem Dawg

                                                                          (specified above)
                                                                          (specified above)
                                                                          (specified above)
                                                                          Florida (specified above)

                                                                        Map of the Sweet Nina Family Tree

                                                                        Upload your info about this strain here:

                                                                        Do you know something more about Colorado Seeds Sweet Nina? Please help to make this database better and upload/connect your information here!

                                                                        Pictures

                                                                        Pictures speak louder than words! Upload your "Sweet Nina" Photos here and help other growers to get a better impression of this variety.

                                                                        Comparisons

                                                                        You have grown Sweet Nina together with another variety? Please fill out our Strain VS. Strain direct comparisation form!

                                                                        User Reviews

                                                                        Our strain reviews are multilingual, searchable and can be very detailed – including data about the grow, aroma, effects and taste! Please upload your Sweet Nina Review here to help the other seedfinder users!

                                                                        Medical Values

                                                                        You have experience with the medical qualities of Sweet Nina? Sharing your information here maybe can help other people!

                                                                        Threads

                                                                        You’ve stumbled upon a Sweet Nina related thread into a forum or growers community? Connect it here and enable othe users to find this information fast and easy!

                                                                        Videos

                                                                        You found a related video with additional information or grow-infos about Sweet Nina on YouTube? Please connect it here to the strain info page!

                                                                        Sweet Nina Autoflowering Feminized Marijuana Seeds

                                                                        Sweet Nina marijuana is like an energetic kiss that brightens your day. A practiced hand will encourage her large flowers to offer a generous yield.

                                                                        • Strain Details
                                                                        • Strain Data
                                                                        • Reviews (0)

                                                                        Description

                                                                        A lady that will always treat you well, Sweet Nina marijuana is a bold, consistent hybrid that numbs both body and mind.

                                                                        Sweet Nina marijuana comes in with a bang. She starts with a creative, euphoric buzz that uplifts the mind, and soon melts away physical pain and tension. Sweet Nina won’t weigh you down or leave you couch-bound, making her an excellent option for patients seeking to treat discomfort from pain, stress, nausea, fatigue, and more.

                                                                        Reeking of lemon and earth, Sweet Nina marijuana seeds tend to be on the more finicky side, requiring a practiced hand to coax the best out of her large, dusty green flowers. She grows well either indoors or out, offering an average yield with a consistent content of THC (around 20%) after a flowering period of about 8 weeks.

                                                                        Additional information

                                                                        Amsterdam Seeds Co.

                                                                        Creative, Relaxing, talkative

                                                                        Depression, Lack of Appetite, Stress

                                                                        Lime, Citrus, Lemon

                                                                        Reviews

                                                                        There are no reviews yet.

                                                                        Only logged in customers who have purchased this product may leave a review.

                                                                        Related products

                                                                        Jack Herer Feminized Marijuana Seeds

                                                                        Get creative, energized, and de-stressed with Jack Herer marijuana seeds. This popular strain named for one of cannabis’ most noteworthy advocates, Jack Herer is fairly straightforward to grow and can give you a mighty yield.

                                                                        Sweet nina seeds

                                                                        Medicine Man – 15 Seeds

                                                                        Neville’S Haze – 15 Seeds

                                                                        Neville’S Haze Mango – 15 seeds

                                                                        Neville’S Skunk (Neville’S Haze X Afghan Skunk) – 15 Seeds

                                                                        Nl5 X Haze – 15 Seeds

                                                                        Nl5 X Skunk – 15 seeds

                                                                        Nordle (Afgan Skunk) – 15 seeds

                                                                        NSH – National Health Service – 15 seeds

                                                                        Ortega – 15 seeds

                                                                        Pink Floyd – 15 Seeds

                                                                        Skunk Haze – 15 seeds

                                                                        Super Silver Haze – 15 Seeds

                                                                        The Nordle (Afghanskunk) – 15 Seeds

                                                                        The Stones – 15 seeds

                                                                        Afghan Haze – 18 seeds

                                                                        Angel Breathe (Mango Haze X Afgan Haze) – 15 seeds

                                                                        ANGEL HEART (MANGO HAZE x AFGHAN SKUNK) – 15 seeds

                                                                        ASH (AFGHAN/HAZE x AFGHAN/SKUNK) – 18 seeds

                                                                        Black Widow – 15 seeds

                                                                        Critical Haze – 15 seeds

                                                                        Critical Mass – 15 seeds

                                                                        Critical Skunk – 15 seeds

                                                                        Devil – 15 seeds

                                                                        Early Haze – 15 seeds

                                                                        Early Queen – 15 seeds

                                                                        EARLY SKUNK (EARLY PEARL x SKUNK) – 15 seeds

                                                                        Early Skunk Haze – 15 seeds

                                                                        Early Skunk x Afghan Haze – 15 seeds

                                                                        G13 Haze – 15 seeds

                                                                        © 2022 DeliciousSeeds. All Rights Reserved.

                                                                        Delicious Seeds® is aware of the laws of each country where it sends its products, and does not send cannabis seeds in countries where trade or possession is prohibited.

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moab weed seeds

M.O.A.B. Seeds (Mother of All Buds)

M.O.A.B. seeds, short for Mother of All Buds seeds live up to their name. According to Amsterdam Marijuana Seeds, this is the strain “that offers everything you have been looking for all your life.”

M.O.A.B. / Mother of All Buds comes from Blueberry Indica x Chem Dawg crossed with Blue Dream x Hindu Kush.

It’s a Sativa-dominant strain that grows tall, well over a metre indoors and up to 3 metres outdoors. So make sure you have space for her!

You’ll get a phenomenal harvest from Mother of All Buds seeds though – up to 900g per square metre outdoors and well over half that indoors.

M.O.A.B. is a phenomenal smoke as well, tasting earthy and sweet – that blueberry influence, with a bit of diesel lurking beneath. With up to 23% THC, Mother of All Buds will also give you a mother of all highs, a happy euphoria combined with a relaxed body stone. Has to be tried to be believed.

THC level – Up to 23 %
Genetics – Indica 20% | Sativa 80%
Climate – Indoor / Outdoor
Yield indoor – Up to 550 gram / 19.4 ounces per sq meter
Yield outdoor – Up to 900 gram / 31.7 ounces per sq meter
Height indoor – Up to 140 cm / 55.1 inch
Height outdoor – Up to 300 cm / 118.1 inch
Flowering time – 10 weeks
Harvest month – October
Grow difficulty – Moderate

5 M.O.A.B. seeds $95 (approx. €77 or £67)

10 M.O.A.B. seeds $171 (approx. €127 or £104)

20 M.O.A.B. seeds $304 (approx. €213 or £170)

Legal Disclaimer: Purchasing M.O.A.B. seeds from us is legal in most countries with few restrictions.

Marijuana growing is tolerated in a number of countries provided it is solely for personal enjoyment. A number of states support legislation prohibiting the cultivation of marijuana unless licences are obtained prior to germination.

Other countries enforce very restrictive legislation that tries to prevent people from cultivating Mother of All Buds seeds or alternative kind of psychoactive marijuana for any reason.

We do not claim to be knowledgeable in cannabis legislation around the world. If you have any doubts regarding legislation regarding marijuana growing where you live we suggest you contact the local regulators for clarification.

We cannot support in any way whatsoever the flaunting of laws. We provide a legal business informing the public regarding the characteristics of a range of top-grade marijuana types and provide purchase of M.O.A.B. seeds and other cannabis seeds to anyone legitimately allowed to purchase marijuana seeds.

An identical disclaimer detailed here applies to the free marijuana seeds in addition to your purchase of Mother of All Buds seeds or other marijuana seed types.

And by the way, this website does not extract, store, or share any data that could disclose you when you visit this site.

M.O.A.B – mother of all buds ® feminized

MOAB Fem, short for Mother of All Buds Feminized, is that typical package that will give a completely unforgettable experience. The strain contains massive yields, high levels of Tetrahydrocannabinol and normal CBD levels, and of course, enormous buds.

This product is sold by: amsterdammarijuanaseeds.com

In-depth information about this strain

This feminized strain has between 20 and 30% THC and is mostly Sativa dominant with 80% dominance and 20% Indica. The height is mostly tall and goes up to 140cm when cultivated indoors. When the strain gets cultivated outdoors, you can expect her to grow as high as 300cm.

So, what parental figures have been used to come up with the feminized MOAB? Well, we have bred Blueberry 420, Hindu Kush, and Bluedream XTRM.

The result is this strain that has a somewhat long flowering time, which is, in this case ranging anywhere between 9 and 11 weeks indoors. When you cultivate the beauty outdoors, the best month to grow the queen is anywhere between October and November, which should tell you that you need to time yourself properly as sprout the seeds.

The buds have a great shape, and the leaves are massive. Necessarily, you would have to subject the plant to sufficient water to make the buds remain adequately hydrated and have the plants grow to full height to unleash their yielding potential.

What are the mental/physical effects of this strain?

As the Mother of All Buds feminized is a Sativa-dominant strain, the effects are mostly uplifting and induce feelings of creativity and clear mental focus. That means you can entirely rely on MOAB fem for starting your day and get you going with the daily work.

Nonetheless, the THC levels may not be the best for the wannabe pot consumer. Instead, beginners may explore our different more than 110 strains to find their perfect fit. She induces feelings of happiness and creates a peaceful environment in mind.

Is this a beginner friendly strain to grow?

Moab Fem has a medium/hard growing difficulty which means experts in pot cultivation are those who ought to consider trying out the strain. However, being a beginner doesn’t edge you out from cultivating pot. Filter out the results in our all marijuana strains category.

This is how much yield you can expect

The Mother of All Buds feminized yields up to 550gms per square meter when grown indoors and up to 900gms per square meter in case she gets cultivated outdoors.

Well known for its flavour

MOAB Fem has a sweet and earthy flavour, while the aroma is diesel undertones and blueberry.

Buy MOAB Fem online

If you are experienced in cultivating grass, then nothing should hold you back from growing the MOAB Fem strain. She is available for sale, and her surged demand shows that we may never be honestly able to guess until when she will be in stock. Be sure to place your order today and join the list of fellow expert potheads.

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picking seeds and stems from weed

Joe Pye Weed, Eutrochium Seeds

Although the Eutrochium is referred to as a weed, it has pretty blooms and can be very beneficial to the garden by attracting pollinators. This plant is a perennial that will return each year.

Before Planting: Prior to planting, rake the soil in which you will place the seeds.

Planting: Scatter the seeds across the top of the soil and water immediately after placing the seeds.

Watering: Eutrochium prefers the soil to be moist. Provide a deep watering regularly.

Fertilizer: Use a fertilizer specific for blossoming plants and apply it in the spring once the plant begins to show signs of new growth.

Days to Maturity: Eutrochium will typically bloom in the late summer to early fall.

Harvesting: To harvest seeds, place a mature seed head in a brown paper bag and shake it to loosen the seeds from the seed head.

Tips: Cut the plants back to 4 to 8 inches above the ground once it is done blooming. New growth will begin in the spring.

Shipping Schedule

Our Seed Promise

"Agriculture and seeds" provide the basis upon which our lives depend. We must protect this foundation as a safe and genetically stable source for future generations. For the benefit of all farmers, gardeners and consumers who want an alternative, we pledge that we do not knowingly buy or sell genetically engineered seeds or plants.

The mechanical transfer of genetic material outside of natural reproductive methods and between genera, families or kingdoms, poses great biological risks as well as economic, political, and cultural threats. We feel that genetically engineered varieties have been insufficiently tested prior to public release. More research and testing is necessary to further assess the potential risks of genetically engineered seeds. Further, we wish to support agricultural progress that leads to healthier soils, to genetically diverse agricultural ecosystems, and ultimately to healthy people and communities.

How To Harvest Cannabis In Five Easy Steps

Harvesting cannabis is not that difficult, if you know how to go about the job. You’ve just spent weeks spoiling your plants with everything they could possibly want. Now, the time has come to reap the rewards. Once your weed plants are ready to harvest, a good preparation can ensure you make the most out of every plant. You do that by flushing, cutting, and drying your cannabis. After that, it’s time for pleasure. Here, you’ll find out how to harvest cannabis as fast and as clever as possible.

How To Harvest Cannabis In Five Easy Steps

Your cannabis harvesting technique ultimately determines the quality, the taste, and the punch of your future homegrown stash. In a previous blog, we explained how to determine the perfect timing for harvesting your weed plants. Once you’ve found that perfect moment, the explanation provided below will tell you just how to harvest cannabis for maximum effects.

Step 1: Flushing

Once the weed is almost ready to harvest, you can begin flushing your crops. One or two weeks before harvesting, you need to shut down the nutrient supply to your plants. Flushing boils down to just watering your plants without any added nutrients. This causes all the accumulated nutrients left in the plant and soil to wash away. You can do this with ordinary tap water, and the flavour of your weed will improve. Furthermore, it makes for a healthier harvest, because any excess fertilizers are carried off before you smoke those buds. Do make sure, however, that your plants are in well-drained soil before flushing them, so that they can dry properly before you start harvesting your cannabis.

Step 2: How To Harvest – Prepping

Before the breeder starts the actual harvesting process, you need the following equipment handy:

  • Gloves (latex): these prevent the resin from sticking to your hands. It also keeps your fingers from smelling for days to come, but most importantly, it works against contaminating your buds through dirty fingers;
  • Shears: these are necessary to cut the branches and leaves. Regular garden shears will do nicely for the stem, the bigger branches, and the fan leaves. For the fine pruning of the buds themselves, using special-purpose clippers is preferable;
  • A tray: ideal for collecting your cuttings, covered with non-stick paper to catch off any sticky plant remains;
  • Lines/drying rack: make sure you have your drying lines or rack good to go before you start harvesting. If at all possible, pick a dark or near-dark room. Make sure the drying space is well-ventilated. That will minimize fungal hazards. If you plan to use a fan, never point it directly at the drying cuttings; always choose a different spot in the room for indirect ventilation.

Always make sure that your drying area is clean and ready for use. If you plan to cut indoors, open a window for air circulation and make sure you’re comfortable, with some good music playing in the background. Depending on the yield of your plants, you’re not going anywhere anytime soon…

Step 3: How To Harvest Cannabis – Trimming

Learning how to harvest cannabis means investing some time in the process. Even advanced growers need time for that perfect cut, and don’t worry: all the time you invest now will pay back tenfold in a while. The more accurately you work, the better your harvest is going to be. What you want is to start up a drying process that doesn’t proceed too fast, while not running too slow either. Your goal is to gradually bring out the moisture, most of which is still contained on the inside of the buds. Many growers call the whole process of dehydrating and preparing the harvest ‘curing’. Others feel that drying and curing are two distinct steps, but in truth, curing starts as soon as you cut off that first branch and hang it out to dry. This curing process will benefit from removing the tiny leaves wrapped around the actual flower buds. While the plant lives, these leaves actually protect it from dehydrating, but now, they’re no longer necessary.

Initial Trimming

Are learning how to harvest cannabis for the first time? Then go easy on yourself and start with a single branch to practice your trimming on. Cut one side branch and perform Step 3. Hang your clipped harvest out to dry and then repeat Step 3 for the rest of your plant(s). This prevents you from repeating beginner’s mistakes, and you’ll probably end up with more harvest to enjoy.

If you want, you can divide trimming up into several sessions. Start out by pruning away all the large fan leaves. You can do this while the plant is still rooted. Now, cut away the larger branches at the stem, and space them out on a tray covered in no-stick paper. You can use this to collect the small sugar leaf clippings. You can use these at a later stage if you like. Be careful in handling the buds, to prevent precious trichomes from getting away.

One Or Two Trimming Sessions?

At this point, you have cut off all the side branches and the main cola of your plant. You can now proceed in two ways. Either you hang out your cut branches to start the drying process, smaller leaves and all, or you go over every individual branch and carefully trim away the smaller ‘sugar leaves’ wrapped around the actual colas. If you continue trimming, you’ll speed up the drying process. If you decide to leave them on for now, you can continue trimming after about a week of drying and use the clippings for making cannabis tea, cannabutter, or other edibles and extracts.

As you see, you can postpone this step until your buds make it through their first round of drying. If you decide to do so, proceed to Step 4. If you’re really getting the hang of it and want to keep on trimming, get comfortable – this is going to take some time.

Trimming Buds: Cannabis Manicure

After all the branches carrying buds have been cut away, it’s time to get your fine pruning shears out. In the international grower scene, this step is called ‘manicure’, similar to what you’d visit a nail salon for.

Manicuring cannabis buds goes as follows: ever so gently, prune away the little leaves curled around the buds. Turn the bud around by rolling the stem over between your fingertips. This gives you a 360-degree view of any leftover leaf matter. You’ll usually notice little white ‘crystals’ on the tiny leaves hugging the buds. These leaves are lovingly called ‘sugar leaves’ by growers, because they’re covered in tiny grains of ‘sugar’. Just like your buds, these sugar leaves are the trichomes containing cannabinoids.

As you know, cannabinoids are the active ingredients of cannabis, such THC and CBD, or their precursors, to be precise. Although you don’t want to smoke sugar leaves because they contain too much chlorophyll and other plant matter, you could use them for cooking or to make cannabis oil. Trim them away carefully, as close to the cola as you can, and store them separately. As you manicure, try to minimize touching the buds; use latex gloves to hold the branches.

How much of these final leaves you trim away is entirely up to your own preferences. At any rate, trim away the larger, protruding leaves, especially the brown and yellow ones. These don’t look pretty, but more importantly, they can negatively affect flavors. Leaves contain more chlorophyll than the buds, which extends an acrid taste to your smoke without adding anything to its effects. Trimming them away may seem like a waste, but in the end, it’s for your own good.

Step 4: How To Harvest Cannabis – Drying

After clipping, it is time to start drying your weed. As explained above, you can start drying before you manicure your buds or after. The main difference it will make for drying is the time required to get to the next step, because remaining leaves can block the airflow around the buds. You can dry your weed by hanging it out on wires, or by spreading it out on a drying rack. Many grower prefer hanging cannabis out to dry. This allows air circulation all around the buds. It also prevents moisture accumulating on the bottom side of buds, with all its associated fungal risks.

This first round of drying is no matter of hours: it will take about a week. Maybe four days will suffice, or maybe it takes ten days; much depends on the conditions in your drying area and on the level of moisture in your original clippings. Your harvest gets tastier if you allow it to dry slowly in the dark, with good ventilation and low to regular air humidity.

From Drying To Curing

There is a simple way to check whether your buds are dry enough to proceed to the next step. Check on your drying buds at least once every day. After a few days, if you try to break a small side branch supporting a bud, the branch should snap rather than bend. This is a sign that enough moisture has evaporated from the plant matter to start ‘actual curing’. Don’t worry about sticky buds. This is in fact a good sign: they stick because of the resinous substance containing all those yummy cannabinoids; not because of moisture.

Step 5: How To Harvest Cannabis – Curing Buds

This step is another important one on the road to properly harvested cannabis. After your buds have finished drying, cut the buds from the branches supporting them. If you haven’t manicured them yet, now is the time. If you’ve done it already, you can now give your buds a nice spot to continue the slow process of curing. You need some glass mason jars to do this. Collect all your individually manicured buds and place them in the jars. Be sure to leave plenty of space in the jars: filling them to about 80% is fine. Put them way in a dark place, allowing them time to mature and cure in optimum conditions. Give the jars a gentle shake every day to keep the buds from sticking together. Most importantly, take the jars out every day and open the lid to let your harvest ‘burp’. Burping means letting the old air out and taking in fresh air. It only takes a minute or two and prevents the stale air in the jar becoming hospitable for mold.

Curing Takes Time

In principle, this curing process could continue for months. Slowly but surely, your harvest acquires its full taste and potency. Many strains keep on building in the power of their effects as they are cured in jars over extended periods. Then again, you may not want to wait any longer because you’re too anxious to get a taste of all that goodness. Luckily, you can do just that. How long you keep curing your cannabis is entirely up to you, because it is mainly a matter of taste. You can also treat yourself to a bit of the good stuff just to test. After all, great chefs also sample their top secret sauces every now and then, to check whether they’re cooked to perfection yet…

Once you’re fully satisfied with the results of the curing process, you’ve made it: now you know just how to harvest cannabis! This is the point at which you can invite your mates for a harvest party, share out your harvest among fellow cannabis lovers, or prepare your weed for long-term storage. Whatever you choose to do though, remember to enjoy your very own cannabis harvest. Perhaps now is a great time to roll up, light up, and visit our webstore to get some new Amsterdam Genetics seeds for your next growing adventure!

  • Quality Genetics
  • Secure Packaging
  • Fast Delivery

The germination of cannabis seeds is illegal in most countries. Amsterdam Genetics cannabis seeds are exclusively sold as collectable souvenirs to customers living in countries where the cultivation of cannabis is illegal. All information on this website is intended for educational purposes only and is not meant to incentivize people to engage in illegal activities.

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can you grow good weed from mids seeds

Can you grow good weed from mids seeds

What to Plant in August

August is an ideal time to plant seeds for a second gardening season that can be as productive as your major early spring plantings. Late summer is perfect for a delicious fall vegetable and herb harvest.

Listed below are flower, vegetable and herb varieties that are great to start planting in August based on the Hardiness Zone that you live in.

Beans (Zones 3-8):
Early August is the last practical sowing date for both bush and pole beans now that the soil and air are warmed up.
Learn More: How to Grow Beans
Suggested varieties: Golden Wax, Scarlet Runner, Slenderette, Vermont Cranberry Shell

Cover Crops (Zones 3-10):
A great way to add nutrients to your soil for the following year is by growing fall/winter cover crops this fall. Start in August so they get some good growth before winter comes.
Learn More: How to Grow Cover Crops
Suggest variety: Fall Mix

Cucumbers (Zones 3-9):
Starting vine or bush cucumbers in August will lead to a delicious fall harvest. Vine cucumbers can be the best tasting but need far more space than bush varieties.
Learn More: How to Grow Cucumbers
Suggest varieties: Carolina, Calypso, Marketer

Flower (Zones 3-8):
August is the perfect time to plant those flowers for a beautiful fall harvest. There are many varieties that can be planted this fall and start blooming early spring.
Suggested Varieties: Marigolds, Alyssum, Snapdragons

Kale (Zones 3-9):
Planting kale now in mid-July through mid-August will yield an excellent harvest in the fall and winter.
Learn More: How to Grow Kale
Suggested varieties: Red Russian, Dwarf Siberian

Lettuce (Zones 3-8):
Sow lettuce in August for a fall crop. Try growing early harvest varieties that will produce a harvest before cold weather rolls in.
Learn More: How to Grow Lettuce
Suggested Varieties: All The Year Round, Mesclun Salad Mix, Spicy Salad Blend

Peas (Zones 3-7):
Green peas and sugar peas are good to plant in August in order to produce a moderate fall harvest.
Learn More: How to Grow Peas
Suggested varieties: Tom Thumb, Cascadia, Wando

Radishes (Zones 3-9):
Radishes are one of the fastest growing vegetables around and are easy to grow. Plant now and you can have them ready in 30 days!
Learn More: How to Grow Radishes
Suggested varieties: Watermelon Radish, Comet, Black Spanish Round

Spinach (Zones 3-8):
Spinach is more of a cool weather vegetable and is great to sow in August for a tasty fall harvest.
Learn More: How to Grow Spinach
Suggested varieties: Red Kitten, Bloomsdale, Renegade

If you would like to see a detailed map and planting schedule for your state please select below:

A timeline of when New Yorkers can smoke marijuana, grow it, and sell it legally

Now that New York has legalized marijuana for recreational use, a new landscape is set to emerge for consumers.

Cannabis was already available for medical use and largely decriminalized in the Empire State. Still, the new law has some changes that will be more pronounced than others in daily life.

The timing of what becomes legal when can also be confusing. Retail sales of marijuana aren’t set to begin until mid-to-late 2022, for example.

In part, that’s because specific regulations need to be written by the Office of Cannabis Management and Cannabis Control Board. Those bodies are responsible for regulating the industry under the new law.

Here’s everything you need to know about when you can do what under New York’s new weed law:

Immediately: New Yorkers can now smoke marijuana outside in the same places where cigarette smoking is allowed

In 2019, smoking weed in New York became an offense that’s only punishable by a fine, and pedestrians in New York City can attest to its prevalence, regardless of the laws on the books.

Now, “if you can smoke tobacco there, you could smoke marijuana there,” according to the bill’s sponsor, State Sen. Liz Krueger, a Manhattan Democrat.

Smoking in schools, workplaces, and cars is still illegal, however. The Office of Cannabis Management and Cannabis Control Board may create further regulations that put more limits on where New Yorkers can smoke. Local municipalities may also choose to enforce stricter rules.

Immediately: New Yorkers will be allowed to possess up to 3 ounces of cannabis

Under the new law, possession also becomes legal immediately. Adults over the age of 21 will be allowed to possess up to three ounces of cannabis or 24 grams of concentrates.

Immediately: Marijuana offenses from non-violent convictions will begin to be expunged from criminal records

New York lawmakers said they would begin to automatically expunge records for people with previous marijuana-related convictions. The records that would qualify for expungement would include any activities that are “no longer criminalized” under New York law.

Soon: A new regulatory body will be chosen to oversee cannabis in New York

The law creates an Office of Cannabis Management and a Cannabis Control Board to regulate the industry. The board will have five members, three of whom will be appointed by the governor. Each legislative house will choose one member.

It’s not yet clear who will serve in these roles, but members are expected to be chosen soon as lawmakers have indicated that they hope for a fast roll out.

Norman Birenbaum, New York’s director of cannabis programs, and Axel Bernabe, an assistant counsel to Cuomo, have been the governor’s point people on cannabis reform and are expected to have a big hand in the state’s cannabis program moving forward.

Soon: New York’s medical program will expand

The new law also expands New York’s existing medical-cannabis program. The list of qualifying medical conditions for medical cannabis will be expanded, along with product options. Flower products, which are not allowed under New York’s medical program, may be permitted under the expansions.

Patients and advocates have long fought for these changes.

Changes to New York’s medical program may happen faster than when recreational sales are expected to roll out. However, an exact date is still unknown.

Soon: New York adults will be allowed to grow cannabis plants at home

New Yorkers over the age of 21 will eventually be allowed to grow up to six cannabis plants at home, with a maximum of three mature and three immature plants per adult. Each household, no matter the number of adults, will be limited to 12 plants.

By the end of 2021: Localities can opt out of allowing cannabis businesses, but not legalization

Localities within New York will be allowed to opt out of having cannabis businesses. They have until the end of this year to make this decision.

However, no locality will be allowed to prohibit cannabis overall.

Sometime in 2022: You can go to a store to buy a gummy or pre-roll

Adult-use cannabis sales won’t begin anytime soon.

Andrew Carter, an analyst at Stifel, said he expects recreational cannabis sales to begin in late 2022. Norman Birenbaum, New York’s director of cannabis programs, told Insider in February that he expects a program to be rolled out in 12-18 months, based on timelines in other states that have legalized.

That means if you want to purchase cannabis products at a licensed retailer, you’ll likely have to wait until summer or fall of next year.

Birenbaum said he expects it will take three to four years to create a market with the cultivation capacity and dispensary numbers to meet the demands of consumers.

Sometime in 2022: New Yorkers will be allowed to partake in cannabis at ‘consumption lounges’ and have weed delivered to their homes

The state plans to set up a new license that would allow people to consume marijuana on-site at various locations. Licenses for on-site consumption are limited to three per person, and owners of these licenses may not be able to qualify for other licenses, such as cultivation or retail.

New Yorkers will also be able to order cannabis products straight to their homes. More regulations around consumption lounges and cannabis delivery are expected later.

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seedway weed seeds

Cover Crop Seeds

Caliente 199 Mustard Blend has been bred specifically for biofumigation and green manuring. The naturally occurring biofumigant gas (ITC) is produced by the plants when the crop is chopped, incorporating this compound and the green material into soil results in many benefits including improved soil structure, health and fertility, suppression of various soil-borne diseases and pests and increased soil microbial activity.

Eco-Till Radish (Not Treated)

Strong taproot extends deep into the soil to provide a wide variety of benefits for next year’s crop. The thin portion of the taproot can grow to 6′ while the thicker upper portion grows to 24 inches. This taproot system reduces soil compaction, provides aeration and water infiltration and returns nutrients to the soil surface. This system helps reduce soil compaction, suppress weeds and builds organic matter.

Seeding Rate= Conventional or No-till: 8-10 lbs./ac. Broadcast: 12-15 lbs./ac.

Nemat Caliente (Not Treated)

Arugula/mustard blend for use as a nutrient crop and attractant for nematodes in IPM programs. Excellent green manure for combined nematode, disease and weed suppression. Can be seeded spring, summer and fall. The Nemat arugula is very cold tolerant, may over winter. Best results with good management, chopping, tillage and rotation. Seeding Rate: 6-8 lbs./acre

Nemat/Caliente 199

Arugula/mustard blend for use as a nutrient crop and attractant for nematodes in IPM programs. Excellent green manure for combined nematode, disease and weed suppression. Can be seeded spring, summer and fall. The Nemat arugula is very cold tolerant, may over winter. Best results with good management, chopping, tillage and rotation. Seeding Rate: 6-8 lbs./acre

SEEDWAY adds Enlist E3 soybeans to portfolio

Growers now have another option featuring cutting edge technology and genetics

PUBLISHED ON February 27, 2019

HALL, N.Y. — SEEDWAY, LLC has introduced a new line of high-performance Enlist E3™ soybeans available to Northeast and Mid-Atlantic growers. SEEDWAY® SG brand soybeans are currently available through authorized SEEDWAY Partners for the spring 2019 planting season.

Eight new soybean varieties ranging from group 1.4 to 3.9 in maturity features the newly approved Enlist E3™ trait. Growers now have another option featuring cutting edge technology and genetics.

Enlist E3™ soybeans combine tolerance to a new 2,4-D, glyphosate and glufosinate in a three-gene stack — bringing growers more choices for weed control and high-yielding genetics. The new SEEDWAY® brand Enlist E3™ soybeans will provide growers with excellent yield potential , disease and stress tolerance, and adaptation to varied growing conditions of the Northeast and Mid-Atlantic regions.

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weed strain seeds sellable to usa

Seed World USA reviews (www.seedworldusa.com): They do not sell cannabis seeds

If you are looking for grass seed, wildlife seed, pond supplies, and plant and nursery supplies, this Odessa Florida location is the place for you. It seems they have everything except the things that matter to most of us. They do not sell cannabis seeds as a best seed banks.
Strictly speaking even in restrictive states like Texas which forbid the cultivation of any type of cannabis, it’s legally possible to buy marijuana seeds as a novelty. Apparently, it’s a huge hoot to string some marijuana seeds around your neck as a jewelry item.
Whatever the case, there are plenty of places even within the United States where you can buy cannabis seeds, but Seed World USA is not one.

Comparison

  • Amsterdam Marijuana Seeds Review www.amsterdammarijuanaseeds.com
  • Good supply growers choice review www.goodsupplycannabis.com
  • Seed world usa reviews www.seedworldusa.com
  • Cannabis seeds store uk review www.cannabis-seeds-store.co.uk

Just as in the US, it is not illegal to sell cannabis seeds as novelty items as long as people agree not to cultivate them.
As far as variety goes, Cannabis Seed Store seems to have a bigger variety than even Amsterdam Marijuana Seeds. We counted over 80 varieties of feminized seeds, 60 regular seed brands and 60 varieties of auto flowering seeds.
Our biggest complaint, and really, it’s the only one about Cannabis Seed Store UK is that there appears to be no information about proper growing.
Perhaps it’s stepping over the line in the UK to provide such information for a “novelty” product, but Amsterdam Marijuana Seeds has everything you need to know on their website.
We rate the Cannabis Seed Store exceptional as well with the sole complaint being no growing information.

Weedmaps: Cannabis, Weed & CBD 17+

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Explore cannabis products and brands to find the weed and hemp products you want. Browse verified user reviews from our active community across strains, edibles, tinctures, concentrates and more. Easily search and compare products by pricing, effects, flavors, genetics (indica, sativa, hybrid), strains, cannabinoids (THC, CBD, CBN, etc.), moods, activities, terpenes, weight and more.

Browse Interactive Maps for Dispensaries and Delivery Services: Browse nearby dispensaries and delivery services in your area and see where you can order for delivery or reserve for in-store or curbside pick-up.

Find Valuable Information on Retailers Near You: Review important information on local licensed retailers including live menus updated in real time, store amenities, hours, contact information, directions, reviews, deals, and more.

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– CBD & THC: The growing mainstream interest and a wide range of potential uses of cannabidiol (CBD) and tetrahydrocannabinol (THC)
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– Marijuana Laws: Breakdown of medical and recreational laws & legal marijuana legislation by state in the US

Founded in 2008, Weedmaps creates the digital common ground for cannabis businesses and consumers to engage.