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Concentrations of THC, CBD, and CBN in commercial hemp seeds and hempseed oil sold in Korea

Hemp seeds and hempseed oil are marketed on- and off-line as health foods and cosmetics and have been reported to have high nutrient contents. However, because of the various side effects of cannabinoids, especially △ 9 -tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), many countries regulate upper limits for THC in products, which creates the need for analytical techniques capable of measuring THC, cannabidiol (CBD), and cannabinol (CBN) levels in commercial hemp seeds and hempseed oil. In the present study, hemp seed and hempseed oil extracts obtained by methanol extraction, were analyzed by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC/MS). Validation of the technique used was performed using calibration curves and by determining LODs, LOQs, specificities, selectivities, and intra- and inter-day precision and accuracies. In addition, matrix effects, process efficiencies, recoveries, and sample stabilities were investigated. In hemp seeds, as determined using the fully optimized method THC concentrations ranged from 0.06 to 5.91 μg/g, CBD concentrations from 0.32 to 25.55 μg/g, and CBN concentrations from 0.01 to 1.50 μg/g; CBN/THC ratios ranged from 0.1 to 1.60, and CBD/THC ratios from 0.11 to 62.56. Furthermore, the (THC + CBN)/CBD ratio of most hemp seed samples was less than one. In hempseed oil, THC concentrations ranged from 0.3 to 19.73 μg/mL, CBD concentrations from 6.66 to 63.40 μg/mL, CBN concentrations from 0.11 to 2.31 μg/mL, CBN/THC ratios from 0.12 to 0.42, and CBD/THC ratios from 3.21 to 22.50. Furthermore, (THC + CBN)/CBD ratios in all hempseed oil samples were less than one. The optimized methanol extraction-GC/MS technique was found to be satisfactory for determining THC, CBD, and CBN concentrations in hemp seeds and hempseed oil.

Keywords: Canabinol; Cannabidiol; GC/MS; Hemp seeds; Hempseed oil; Tetrahydrocannabinol.

Hemp oil vs CBD oil

Consumers looking to explore the potential health benefits of cannabidiol (CBD) are often confronted with some uncertainty when it comes to terminology. Specifically, it can be confusing to try and parse out the differences between hemp oil vs CBD oil vs hemp seed oil.

Compounding the confusion, there are several different categories of CBD oil products, including hemp-derived oil, full-spectrum hemp extract, and isolate, to name just a few. Then there’s the issue of the ubiquitous “hemp oil,” which may or may not mean the same thing as CBD oil. Finally, shoppers walking through their local health food store may encounter yet another type of hemp oil product — hemp seed oil.

Are hemp seed oil and CBD oil the same thing?

No. The definition of hemp oil vs CBD oil vs hemp seed oil is at the center of the confusion.

Today, hemp oil is most commonly used to refer to CBD-rich products that have been extracted from the flowers and leaves of the hemp plant. But, in some cases, the term hemp oil may be used to refer to hemp seed oil, which contains no active CBD and is a fundamentally different product.

When you see something labeled as hemp oil, it’s important to understand if you’re getting hemp oil that contains CBD or if you’re getting hemp seed oil, which comes from the seeds of a hemp plant and does not contain CBD. There are some key differences between the two.

Hemp seed oil comes from a process of cold-pressing the seeds only. Importantly, hemp seeds do not have any CBD. Instead, hemp seed oils are rich in protein, fiber, vitamins, minerals, and a mix of omega-6 and omega-3 fatty acids. Consumers generally like hemp seed oil for its nutritional value. It is most commonly used in cooking or sold as a dietary supplement, and can also be found in grooming and beauty products. Hemp seed oil is often shelved next to flaxseed and fish oils in health food stores. Whole hemp seeds are also be consumed in cereals and smoothies.

In contrast, CBD oil is extracted from the leaves and flowers of hemp plants, which contain a large variety of cannabinoids and terpenes, including CBD. Oil extracted from the leaves and flowers of such plants is therefore rich in CBD.

There are two main sources of CBD oil – hemp and marijuana plants. Photo by: Gina Coleman/Weedmaps

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To summarize: hemp oil may refer to CBD oil derived from CBD-rich flowers and leaves of hemp plants, or it may refer to hemp seed oil, which is made from hemp seeds only and, while highly nutritious, does not contain CBD. If you’re buying hemp oil specifically for CBD, make sure you are not accidentally getting hemp seed oil.

Hemp vs. marijuana plants

There are two main sources of CBD oil — hemp and marijuana plants. In terms of the CBD chemical, there is no difference between hemp and marijuana plants — it’s always the same from a molecular perspective. But when it comes to the legality of CBD products, everything hinges on whether the CBD comes from a hemp plant or a marijuana plant.

Hemp and marijuana are different varieties of the cannabis plant. For thousands of years, hemp fiber, seeds, oil, leaves, and flowers have been used to make paper, textiles, building materials, food, and dietary supplements. In the United States, industrial hemp — as hemp is often called — refers to a variety of the plant Cannabis sativa L. that contains a THC concentration of no more than 0.3%. On the other hand, marijuana is legally defined as a cannabis plant that contains more than 0.3% THC.

This distinction was codified in the 2018 Farm Bill, which essentially legalized hemp, including hemp oil and other CBD products sourced from these plants. As a result, hemp-derived CBD products are now widely available and much easier to purchase than in the past. However, CBD products made from a cannabis plant with more than 0.3% THC are illegal nationally, and can only be purchased in states where marijuana is legal.

Another difference between hemp and marijuana is the resin content, which can affect the amount of CBD present. Because marijuana generally contains much more resin than hemp, marijuana plants potentially provide more cannabidiol than hemp.

What are the types of CBD oil?

Whether it’s derived from hemp or marijuana, CBD oil is available in full-spectrum (whole plant), broad spectrum (retains most but not all cannabinoids and terpenes), CBD-only distillate, and CBD isolate varieties, according to Katie Stem, CEO of Peak Extracts, a cannabis extraction company in Oregon.

She said CBD extract can be made using ethanol; hydrocarbons such as butane, propane, or hexane; or supercritical carbon dioxide (CO2). In unrefined form, they all will contain some amount of THC.

CBD oil is available in full-spectrum (whole plant), THC-free distillate, and CBD isolate varieties. Photo by: Gina Coleman/Weedmaps

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CBD distillate is made by distilling unrefined extract under high heat and vacuum pressure to capture the CBD and leave the other components behind, Stem said. Isolate goes one step further: It is refined using pentane, causing the CBD to crystallize. It is then filtered and dried, creating final products that are up to 99.9% pure CBD.

What type of CBD oil is best?

“From a quality perspective, I personally prefer non-refined extracts,” Stem said. “This whole plant extract contains minor phytocannabinoids — like CBG, CBC, etc. — and a range of terpenes, many of which have established effects in their own right, and contribute to what is called the entourage effect.”

The entourage effect is the synergistic relationship between cannabinoids and terpenes in whole-plant extracts, which allows them to work together to provide a superior result over an isolate.

But, Stem added, if the hemp is of poor quality, or improperly stored, the only way to avoid rancidity is by purification through a refining process.

“In addition, to ensure safety from legal repercussions in unfriendly states, you must stick with a product made from THC-free distillate or CBD isolate,” she said.

Farmers are growing so-called craft hemp often on a small scale, with high-CBD strains to better reap the compound’s therapeutic potential. Photo by: Gina Coleman/Weedmaps

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Pesticide contamination and poor-quality sourcing can be an issue with any product. Following the adoption of the 2018 Farm Bill, hemp is enjoying a renaissance. Farmers are growing high-CBD strains of so-called craft hemp, often on a small scale, to better reap the compound’s therapeutic potential.

Ideally, all hemp oil products are tested by a third-party lab to ensure quality and purity. Quality products should have thorough product labels though dosing is, unfortunately, still up to the consumer since government regulations have stunted research that might determine suggested doses.

When figuring out what CBD product to buy, don’t get confused by the terminology used to market hemp oil vs CBD oil vs hemp seed oil. If you want cannabidiol, shop specifically for CBD oil, not hemp seed oil. Don’t let the ambiguity of the popular term hemp oil fool you.

Which is better, hemp oil or CBD oil?

It depends on your needs. If you want the health benefits of CBD oil with only trace levels of THC, then hemp oil will be the right product for you, as hemp oil by definition must contain less than 0.3% THC. Hemp-derived CBD oil will offer the same benefits. Full-spectrum CBD oil derived from marijuana should have additional potential benefits offered by the entourage effect. Regardless, there are many potential benefits of CBD — including anti-inflammatory, anti-anxiety, and pain management.

Does hemp oil work as well as CBD oil?

The effectiveness of hemp oil vs CBD oil depends on what else is present in the oil. By definition, hemp oil comes from a hemp plant, which means that it has little to no THC. On the other hand, if your oil comes from a marijuana plant, it will contain a much broader range of cannabinoids and terpenes, which could theoretically produce more potent effects thanks to the entourage effect. As long as the hemp oil and CBD oil have the same amount of CBD, their effects should be similar. Hemp seed oil, even if it’s marketed as hemp oil, won’t have any potentially therapeutic effects.

Is CBD oil or hemp oil better for pain?

Both CBD oil and hemp oil may help you deal with pain. There may be differences in how effective each product is, however, based on what else is present in the oil. For example, hemp oil or hemp-derived CBD oil will have only a tiny amount of THC since it comes from hemp rather than marijuana.

In contrast, if you’re consuming full- or broad-spectrum marijuana-derived CBD oil, you will be consuming the full range of cannabinoids and terpenes, the net effect of which may provide better pain management.

What is hemp oil good for?

While more research is needed, current studies suggest that there are many possible benefits of hemp/CBD oil with very few negative side effects. Many consumers turn to hemp oil for its potential anti-anxiety, anti-inflammatory, pain management, and general wellness properties. As long as the hemp oil contains a high level of this cannabinoid, it may be good for treating pain, anxiety, mood disorders, sleep disorders, inflammation, and more.

But if your hemp oil is actually hemp seed oil, it will not contain CBD and so will not be good at treating any of those conditions. Hemp seed oil is still nutritious, however, with high levels of omega 3 and other fatty acids, along with several other key vitamins.

Hemp Oil vs CBD Oil: Learn the Difference

What is the Difference Between Hemp Oil and CBD Oil?

If you are searching for the highest quality CBD oil, you may have noticed some confusion with the terminology. Don’t feel alone! Learning the difference between CBD hemp products and other hemp products is super easy, and we are here to walk you through it.

The typical style of CBD oil packaging is a one ounce glass amber bottle with a 1-ml dropper that has a rubber bulb on the end. Product labeling on CBD products may contain a variety of phrases which can refer to different types of CBD oil such as:

  • Full spectrum CBD Oil
  • Full Spectrum Hemp Extract
  • Hemp Extract Oil
  • Hemp CBD Oil
  • CBD Extract
  • CBD Oil
  • CBD Tincture
  • 1) Hemp Oil vs CBD
  • 2) Hemp vs Marijuana
  • 3) CBD Oil vs Hemp Oil
  • 4) Hemp Seed Oil
  • 5) CBD vs Hemp Oil on Amazon
  • 6) Be Wary When Shopping Online
  • 7) How to Find Real CBD Oil
  • 8) Hemp vs CBD Oil Conclusion

Hemp seed oil comes from the seeds of the cannabis sativa plant. The seeds are the only part of the plant where the amount of CBD equals zero. Manufacturers can easily masquerade hemp seed oils, or hemp oils, as CBD oil products with clever labeling. But don’t worry, we will show you the differences between hemp oil and CBD oil so you can avoid being misled when walking the aisles of health food stores. Text

Hemp Oil vs CBD Oil: Video

Watch this short video of Cornbread Hemp co-founder Jim Higdon explaining the difference between hemp oil and CBD oil.

Hemp vs Marijuana

Part of the problem is that many people yet don’t understand terms like hemp plants, cannabis plants, CBD oil and hemp seed oil. These terms are often used interchangeably, and that leads to confusion amongst many CBD consumers.

The term “hemp” was once interchangeable with “industrial hemp.” But then the 2018 Farm Bill was passed by Congress, which legalized CBD oil and hemp products in the United States. It did this by changing the definition of a hemp plant to mean any cannabis plant with THC at not more than 0.3 percent. 1

The 2018 Farm Bill dropped “industrial” from “hemp” to acknowledge of the potential wellness applications for CBD oil. This bill opened the door for CBD oil companies to produce hemp with high amounts of CBD.

Marijuana and hemp both come from the Cannabis sativa plant. Both marijuana and hemp produce CBD, THC, and other cannabinoids that interact with the human body through the endocannabinoid system, or ECS. 2 The old strains of industrial hemp that were grown for fiber and seed do not have much CBD content. They wouldn’t be a great source for CBD oils in today’s quickly expanding CBD market.

CBD Oil vs Hemp Oil

Hemp plants are a variety of Cannabis sativa plant with no more than 0.3 percent THC content. 3 The leaves and stalk of the hemp plant have little to no CBD, and hemp seeds have zero CBD content. CBD is mostly concentrated in the flower or “bud” of the female hemp plant. Legal CBD-rich hemp flowers can reach levels near 10 percent CBD or higher, while THC concentration stays below 0.3 percent.

To make CBD oil, cannabinoids are extracted from the raw material using methods like sugarcane ethanol, carbon dioxide CO2 extraction, or even cold infusion with coconut oil. Then the plant extract is blended with a carrier oil and diluted to the proper strength. High quality CBD oils contain phytocannabinoid rich Flower-Only TM cannabis extract blended with fast-absorbing carrier oils, like MCT coconut oil.

Using hemp extract containing the whole range of cannabis plant compounds gives your body the best chance to find comfort with the “entourage effect.” This is called a “full spectrum oil,” and it contains all of the CBD cannabinoids, and it will also contain THC in small amounts.

THC-free products like CBD isolate and broad spectrum CBD oils don’t produce an entourage effect and therefore will not perform the same. It is like a team who is missing a few key players, they may try to play a good game, but they can’t win without everyone on the team.

Hemp Seed Oil

Hemp seeds can be a very nutritious source of essential fatty acids, 4 but they do not contain CBD or any other cannabinoids. Hemp seeds and hemp seed oil contains omega 9, omega 6, and omega 3 fatty acids, as well as vitamin E. 5 Hemp seeds themselves can often be found shelled and sold in the superfoods aisle at health food stores as a nutritious booster for smoothies, salads, and granola.

Hemp seed oil, or hemp oil, has many applications. Hemp seed oil, sometimes labeled as “cannabis sativa seed oil,” is commonly found as an ingredient in beauty products, and also with the cooking oils. It can be used as a drying oil because it can harden into a polymer. Due to its essential fatty acids, hemp seed oil is popular in varnishes, putties, paints, and plasters. 6

Despite its usefulness, hemp seed oil is not the same as CBD oil. Since hemp seed oil contains high amounts of omega-3 fatty acids, 9 it is more similar to fish oil or olive oil. It is also cheaper in price when compared to CBD oil. Hemp seed oil doesn’t have some potential wellness benefits as phytocannabinoid rich CBD oils, but is considered to have benefits of its own thanks to its nutritional content.

Hemp oil vs CBD on Amazon

The e-commerce giant Amazon now accounts for over 50% of all online sales. Also, Amazon strictly prohibits the sale of CBD products on its platform. So, you won’t find anything on Amazon labeled “CBD.”

However, Amazon offers a massive number of products labeled “hemp oil” or products made with hempseed oil. 10 Some products are even labeled as “cannabis seed oil,” which is just another way to say hempseed oil.

Ever since CBD oils first became popular, people have been selling hempseed oil labeled as “Hemp Oil” on Amazon. 11 And they sold a lot of it. Some of the top reviewed products received over 2,000 reviews, many citing omega 3 and omega 6 fatty acids as the source of their positive experience. These include lotions, ingestible oils, capsules, pet products, and beauty products, many of which are (sadly) also sold in stores across the United States.

Many of the bottles for sale come in the classic 1oz amber bottles, which most legitimate hemp brands use to package their authentic CBD oils. They even contain a milligram level on the front of the bottle or box.

But when you dive deeper into hemp oil vs CBD oil, these hemp oil products are almost always a simple mixture of hemp seed oil, which contains no cannabidiol CBD compounds whatsoever. CBD comes from hemp flower not hemp seeds. But does that mean you can’t find real CBD oil products on Amazon? Well, it’s complicated.

Be Wary When Shopping Online

When sketchy scammers started selling knockoff CBD products labeled “Hemp Oil” on Amazon, 12 real CBD companies took notice. In their fight to stay alive in a saturated market, these real companies started labeling legitimate cannabidiol CBD oil products as “hemp oil” to cater to Amazon’s policies, while cashing in on the demand.

This includes some of the largest brands in the country who just recently decided to take the plunge on Amazon CBD sales. The trick is to make the label more vague so that it does not include the phrase “CBD.” This system seems to work fine for Amazon. But it does cause more confusion for consumers trying to find the real thing.

How to Find Real CBD Oil

All cannabidiol CBD comes from hemp, 13 but not all hemp products have CBD. Here are a few tips to help you determine if you are buying genuine CBD oil, or if you are looking at a fake CBD product that was made from hemp seed oil.

Look for a QR Code

Every legitimate CBD company provides access to their third party lab reports. But the best companies will provide a scannable QR code on their product labels. When scanned with a smartphone camera, this QR code should link directly to the lab reports that coincide with the batch number and production date.

Look for Lab Reports

When determining if a “hemp oil” product is actually a cannabidiol product in disguise, the cannabinoid potency test is very helpful. In addition to telling you whether it’s legal or not, it can also tell you if there’s CBD present, and how much. This is especially important when choosing between different types of CBD oil like CBD isolate and broad spectrum CBD oil, or when trying to avoid any THC, the cannabinoid that can get you high.

Third party lab tests can also tell you about the quality of the full spectrum CBD oil, and whether the hemp extract actually contains a full spectrum of cannabinoids. Many CBD companies sell products labeled as full spectrum CBD, when in reality the lab reports show little to no minor cannabinoid content or THC. These elements are critical for experiencing the best results from hemp derived CBD products, which is why we never use CBD isolate or broad spectrum CBD extracts before blending them with a high quality organic MCT coconut oil.

In addition to testing for cannabinoids, a good CBD brand will also test every batch of product for contamination and impurities. Look for lab reports that test for pesticides, heavy metals, solvents, bacteria, mold, fungus, etc.

If a company does not test for these things, it is either lazy or trying to hide something. Either way, they don’t deserve your trust, especially if there is any confusion as to whether the “CBD oil product” contains hemp oil or CBD.

Look for the USDA Organic Seal

The USDA organic seal is a symbol of trust across the natural products space. 14 To obtain this organic certification, farmers must prove that their soil has been free of pesticides and synthetic fertilizers for three years, and that no synthetic materials have contaminated the soil. Additionally, every ingredient in the supply chain, including our carrier oil, is audited and approved to be organic by the Kentucky Department of Agriculture, who oversees the National Organic Program for the state of Kentucky.

Offering certified organic hemp products isn’t easy. It takes time, money, and a whole lot of effort. At Cornbread Hemp, we know how important it is to have confidence in the source of your CBD oil, and that’s why we work exclusively with the best USDA organic hemp farmers in the state.

Hemp Oil vs CBD oil Conclusion

To recap, what’s the difference between hemp oil and CBD oil? Products labeled “hemp oil” should be viewed with skepticism and caution. Many products labeled “hemp oil” are actually hempseed oil and not CBD oil. Remember, hemp seeds do not contain any CBD. So always look for third party lab analysis to prove that it is CBD oil.

Put simply: the difference between hemp oil vs CBD oil is worth knowing if you are serious about CBD. Wherever you purchase CBD online, make sure you choose a trustworthy brand like Cornbread Hemp. All of our products go to a third party for un-biased lab testing. The test results display the full cannabinoid profile for each of our small-batch hemp extracts, as well as safety screening for quality assurance. And, to avoid confusion, we never use hemp seed oil, broad spectrum hemp extracts, or CBD isolate to produce any Cornbread Hemp CBD product.

We take our job very seriously at Cornbread Hemp. We believe in the benefits of hemp, and strive to make the best Kentucky-grown organic hemp products available to everyone. As a CBD consumer, we encourage you to research your CBD products before you buy. Finally, if you have any concerns about starting CBD in your routine, speak with your healthcare professional before starting to use CBD oil hemp products for your health benefits.

About the Author

Jim Higdon, Co-founder

a native of Lebanon, Kentucky. He holds degrees from Centre College, Brown University, and Columbia University’s Graduate School of Journalism. Jim published Cornbread Mafia in 2012, full author bio here.

CBD Oil and Hemp Oil FAQ’s

What is hemp oil?

Hemp oil and hemp seed oil are usually the same thing, and they do not necessarily contain CBD. With the popularity of authentic CBD oils on the rise, some untrustworthy businesses have tried to cash in on the craze by selling products that resemble CBD oil, but are actually just inert hemp seed oil. CBD comes from the flower of the hemp plant when it is at full maturity, seeds have zero CBD content.

What is CBD oil?

CBD oil is a mixture of a CBD extract and a carrier like MCT coconut oil. CBD cannabidiol comes from the flowers of the hemp cannabis plant. After the plant is harvested at full maturity, the flower buds are dried and cured to preserve the full spectrum of cannabinoids before entering the extraction process. CBD oil can be full spectrum, meaning it contains up to 0.3% THC, or it can be made with THC-free broad spectrum CBD or CBD isolate.

Even if full spectrum products have legal trace amounts of THC, they will not get you high.

Can hempseed oil get you high?

No. Hemp seeds contain no CBD and no THC, the psychotropic component in marijuana that gets you high.

References

1. Peter Grinspoon, M., 2020. Cannabidiol (CBD) — What We Know And What We Don’t – Harvard Health Blog. [online] Harvard Health Blog. Available at: https://www.health.harvard.edu/blog/cannabidiol-cbd-what-we-know-and-what-we-dont-2018082414476 Accessed July 29, 2020. 2nd paragraph, 1st sentence

2. Gayo J. Can You Buy CBD Oil on Amazon? Everything You Should Know. INQUIRER.net USA. https://usa.inquirer.net/54004/can-you-buy-the-best-cbd-on-amazon. Published June 3, 2020. Accessed July 29, 2020. Under ‘what’s CBD? Section, 4th paragraph

3. Gayo J. Can You Buy CBD Oil on Amazon? Everything You Should Know. INQUIRER.net USA. https://usa.inquirer.net/54004/can-you-buy-the-best-cbd-on-amazon. Published June 3, 2020. Accessed July 29, 2020. Under ‘what’s CBD? Section, 4th paragraph

4. Gayo J. Can You Buy CBD Oil on Amazon? Everything You Should Know. INQUIRER.net USA. https://usa.inquirer.net/54004/can-you-buy-the-best-cbd-on-amazon. Published June 3, 2020. Accessed July 29, 2020. Under ‘what’s CBD? Section, 4th paragraph, 1st sentence

5. Hudak, J., 2018. The Farm Bill, Hemp Legalization And The Status Of CBD: An Explainer. [online] Brookings. Available at: https://www.brookings.edu/blog/fixgov/2018/12/14/the-farm-bill-hemp-and-cbd-explainer/ Accessed July 29, 2020. 2nd paragraph, 2nd sentence

6.Uclahealth.org. 2020. Human Endocannabinoid System – UCLA Cannabis Research Initiative – Los Angeles, CA. [online] Available at: https://www.uclahealth.org/cannabis/human-endocannabinoid-system Accessed July 29, 2020. 1st paragraph, 1st sentence

7. Hudak, J., 2018. The Farm Bill, Hemp Legalization And The Status Of CBD: An Explainer. [online] Brookings. Available at: https://www.brookings.edu/blog/fixgov/2018/12/14/the-farm-bill-hemp-and-cbd-explainer/ Accessed July 29, 2020. 2nd paragraph, 2nd sentence

8. Weiblen GD, Wenger JP, Craft KJ, et al. Gene duplication and divergence affecting drug content in Cannabis sativa. New Phytol. 2015;208(4):1241-1250. doi:10.1111/nph.13562. Under ‘summary’, the 1st bullet point

9. Rodriguez-Leyva D, Pierce GN. The cardiac and haemostatic effects of dietary hempseed. Nutr Metab (Lond). 2010;7:32. Published Apr 21, 2010. doi:10.1186/1743-7075-7-32. Under ‘introduction’ section, 4th paragraph, 1st and 2nd sentence

10. Callaway JC. Hemp seed oil in a nutshell. https://www.aocs.org/stay-informed/inform-magazine/featured-articles/hempseed-oil-in-a-nutshell-march-2010?SSO=True. Published March 2010. Accessed July 29, 2020. 1st paragraph, 3rd and 4th sentence

11. Phys.org. 2018. Favoring Female Flowers In Hemp Horticulture. [online] Available at: https://phys.org/news/2018-12-favoring-female-hemp-horticulture.html Accessed July 29, 2020. 7th paragraph, 1st sentence

12. Phys.org. 2018. Favoring Female Flowers In Hemp Horticulture. [online] Available at: https://phys.org/news/2018-12-favoring-female-hemp-horticulture.html Accessed July 29, 2020. 7th paragraph, 1st sentence

13. Hudak, J., 2018. The Farm Bill, Hemp Legalization And The Status Of CBD: An Explainer. [online] Brookings. Available at: https://www.brookings.edu/blog/fixgov/2018/12/14/the-farm-bill-hemp-and-cbd-explainer/ Accessed July 29, 2020. 2nd paragraph, 2nd sentence

14. Usda.gov. 2020. Organic 101: What The USDA Organic Label Means. [online] Available at: https://www.usda.gov/media/blog/2012/03/22/organic-101-what-usda-organic-label-means Accessed July 29, 2020. 2nd paragraph

All rights reserved. The statements made regarding these products have not been evaluated by the Food and Drug Administration. The efficacy of these products and the benefits of CBD oil has not been confirmed by FDA-approved research. These products are not intended to diagnose, treat, cure or prevent any disease. All information presented here is not meant as a substitute for or alternative to health information about benefits of CBD from health care practitioners. Please consult your health care professional about potential interactions or other possible complications before using any hemp plant derived CBD product.

Cornbread Hemp works with suppliers who guarantee a less than or equal to 0.3% THC content. With these trace amounts of THC, it is possible that users may fail a drug test. Cornbread Hemp does not take any responsibility in the instance a customer fails a drug test while using any cannabis plant derived products.