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honeysuckle seeds

Honeysuckle Seeds And Cuttings: Tips For Propagating Honeysuckle Plants

Propagating honeysuckle can be done in several ways. To expand the reach of this pretty, shade-creating vine in your garden, follow these tips and guidelines.

Why Honeysuckle Propagation?

There are types of honeysuckle vines that are invasive and in some regions grow out of control, creating a real problem. If you have ever battled this fast-moving vine, you might wonder why anyone would want to propagate it.

The non-invasive honeysuckle is a desirable garden plant for pretty flowers, a lovely scent, and for creating shade as it climbs trellises, walls, and other structures. Although honeysuckle grows quickly, you may want to propagate in your garden to give it a boost and to let it reach more spaces or create more shade.

How to Propagate Honeysuckles

There are several ways to propagate this vine, from using honeysuckle seeds to cuttings, and a strategy called layering. Choose your technique based on time, resources, and where you want your new vines to grow:

Layering. Layering is a good option if you simply want to branch out from your existing honeysuckle vines. Take a vine and bend it toward the ground. Where the vine touches the ground, scratch the side facing the earth with a knife. Bury that part of the vine in a hole in the ground that you have dug and to which you have added potting soil. A new root will grow in that spot. It’s best to do layering in the spring.

Cuttings. Taking honeysuckle cuttings to replant is another way you can propagate a vine. Make cuttings early in the morning when there is plenty of sap in the vine, and it is best to do it in late spring or early summer. Cut off about six inches (15 cm.) from the end of a two-year old vine. Cut it carefully on an angle and avoid crushing the vine. Remove the lower sets of leaves and plant the cutting in potting soil. Within a few weeks, the roots should be long enough to replant.

Seeds. You can also propagate honeysuckle by seed, either saving seeds from your own vine or buying them. The seeds need to be cold to germinate, so you can sow them in the fall or start them indoors, mixing seeds and compost together and refrigerating for about 12 weeks.

For both cuttings and propagating honeysuckle by layering, you can use rooting hormone to stimulate new root growth. Find the powder at your local nursery and dip the layering vine or new cutting in it before planting in soil.

How to Plant Honeysuckle Seeds

Honeysuckles thrive in full sun to partial shade and moist, well-drained soil. The honeysuckle produces trumpet-shaped, strongly fragrant flowers in spring to mid-summer. Shrub types grow 6 to 15 feet tall, whereas vine types grow 10 to 25 feet tall. Plant honeysuckle in spring or fall in U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 4a to 9b. The honeysuckle is vulnerable to leaf roller, aphids, scale insects, powdery mildew, blights and leaf spot.

Remove any berry skin from the seeds, then rinse them off with water. Air dry seeds on a paper towel.

Fill a plastic bag with moistened sphagnum peat moss. Push seed into the peat moss, then seal the bag. Put the bag in the refrigerator for about 60 days. Keep the peat moss evenly moist.

Fill a seed tray with a 50:50 mix of potting soil and sphagnum peat moss. Sow one seed in each compartment, then lightly sprinkle with 1/8-inch of soil. Spray the soil with water until it is evenly moist.

Cover the top of the tray with clear plastic. Put the tray in a window where the seed will get about five to eight hours of daily sunlight. Keep the soil evenly moist.

Transplanting

Put the seedlings outdoors in a shaded location for two to three hours daily. Increase the amount of hours the seedlings are outdoors for a few hours per day over seven to 10 days.

Amend the top 4 inches of soil with .6 cubic yards of compost per 50 square feet, tilling in the compost until it is well-blended with the soil.

Dig a hole for the seedlings, making it about three times wider than the root ball and the same depth as the root ball.

Remove the seedling from the container carefully, handling it by the roots to prevent bruising the seedling’s stem. Space seedlings 5 to 15 feet apart, depending on the mature size of the variety. Water the soil until it is evenly moist.

Honeysuckle seeds

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