Cannabis oil is an easy way to get the health benefits of cannabis, and it’s easy to make at home. Learn how to make cannabis oil with our at-home recipe. How to mix your CBD flower with THC flower. Battle the issues with too strong cannabis by mixing in some CBD flower.
How to Make Cannabis Oil at Home
Making your own cannabis oil at home is easy if you know a few tricks. Learn how to make canna oil in your kitchen with our complete recipe and step-by-step guide.
DIY Cannabis Oil: The Basics
Homemade cannabis oil offers a variety of health and wellness benefits. You may choose to mix the canna oil into another edible or beverage recipe, apply the canna oil topically, or place a few drops under your tongue like a cannabis tincture .
Canna oil has recreational uses as well as medicinal purposes. Here are a few therapeutic uses for cannabis oil:
These possible health benefits also depend on whether you use hemp or marijuana in your oil.
Hemp vs. Marijuana: Which Should You Use?
Hemp or CBD oil is a good choice if you live in a state where cannabis is illegal. CBD hemp oil may also be the right option if you want to avoid “getting high” from tetrahydrocannabinol (THC). Using marijuana with a full spectrum of cannabinoids may offer more potent therapeutic benefits through the entourage effect .
Dosing is one of the most challenging issues with cannabis edibles , including canna oil. Too much THC can give you an unpleasant and lingering high. For this reason, it’s a good idea to consult with a physician who can provide you with proper dosing instructions for your body chemistry and level of cannabis experience.
Best Carrier Oil for Cannabis Oil
Many cannabis users report that coconut oil makes the best carrier oil for cannabis oil. Coconut oil contains beneficial fatty acids that go well in both edibles and topicals. However, alternatives to coconut oil also work well, such as vegetable oil or lecithin.
Lecithin is a type of fat that allows for ingredients to stick and bind together. Adding lecithin to your recipes and/or into your oil can help the canna oil bind together with other ingredients more readily and improve shelf life. Lecithin has the added benefit of increasing the bioavailability of cannabinoids. Sunflower lecithin is best for a range of diets. Eggs are also a source of lecithin and act as a binding ingredient in baking.
Why It’s Important to Decarboxylate Cannabis
Decarboxylating or “decarbing” cannabis refers to a chemical reaction where a carbon atom is removed from a carbon chain, resulting in the release of carbon dioxide (CO2). Key cannabinoids, like THC and CBD, convert from different original forms during the decarbing process.
For example, THCA (tetrahydrocannabinolic acid) is non-psychoactive in its raw form but becomes psychoactive as THC after decarboxylation. Likewise, CBDA (cannabidiolic acid) is the acid precursor to CBD and may provide its own health benefits .
To change THCA to THC and CBDA to CBD, the raw cannabis flower must be decarboxylated first. Decarboxylating also makes certain cannabinoids, such as CBD, more bioavailable (i.e., your body can process them more easily).
Cannabis Oil Recipe
The following recipe includes everything you need to make cannabis oil at home.
What You’ll Need
- Rimmed baking tray
- Baking paper
- Crockpot, double boiler, or saucepan
- Cheesecloth or strainer
- Cooking twine to tie the cheesecloth
- 3.5 grams of flower
- 1/2 cup of cooking oil (coconut oil or olive oil)
Break up any cannabis flower or “buds” you have into smaller pieces.
Layer the pieces onto a rimmed baking tray lined with baking paper/parchment. Place the baking tray into the center of a preheated oven set to 240°F-248°F (115°C-120°C) for 30-40 minutes. Stir every 10 minutes.
Allow the cannabis to cool to room temperature. It should appear darker in color – usually, light brown or yellow, and not as green as fresh cannabis.
Once cooled, coarsely grind the cannabis and store it in an airtight container.
Combine the cannabis and coconut oil using one of the following methods:
- In a slow cooker or crockpot on low for about 4-6 hours, stirring occasionally.
- In a double boiler on low for 6-8 hours, stirring occasionally – a simple heat-proof bowl over a saucepan of boiling water will suffice.
- On the stove in a saucepan on low heat for 3 hours, stirring regularly. This method is the fastest but most susceptible to scorching. You can add a small amount of water to the oil to prevent scorching.
Note that the temperature of the oil should never exceed 245°F (118°C).
Strain your canna-oil through a cheesecloth or strainer to get rid of the plant material.
Get Your Delicious Canna Oil Recipe
Alternative Method for Making Canna-Oil
You can also infuse raw cannabis directly in olive or coconut oil by first getting the cannabis-oil mixture to a temperature of between 212°F (100°C) and 230°F (110°C) to decarboxylate it. Then, simmer and double boil it for around 1- 2 hours at a temperature of between 158°F (70°C) and 199°F (93°C).
Double boiling ensures that the oil does not go above 212°F (100°C) after the initial decarboxylation, and means you can decarb the cannabis at a lower temperature over a few hours. However, we recommend decarboxylating the cannabis first rather than decarbing in the oil, which is more efficient.
If you’re double boiling decarbed cannabis, a temperature between 100°F and 120°F (38°C – 49°C) in a double boiler for between 1 and 5 hours is ideal. Use a cheesecloth to hold the raw or decarbed cannabis as you double boil it to avoid straining the oil afterward. Although raw cannabis can be added directly to oil, it is still best to decarb the cannabis first to maximize the shelf life of your oil. You can also use the leftover plant matter to make edibles.
Tips and Tricks for Making Homemade Canna-Oil
Follow these tips and tricks to make the best homemade canna-oil.
Always Cook at Low Temperatures
To retain any acidic cannabinoids, cook at lower temperatures or use the infused oil without cooking it. Once the oil has been infused, you can heat it to a maximum of 350°F (approx 176°C) to keep all the cannabinoids from burning off. We recommend cooking at below 284°F (140°C) or even 248 (120°C).
Extend Shelf-Life with Proper Storage
Cannabinoids do not last forever, and over time and exposure to light, air, and heat, your cannabis-infused oil will decrease potency. Acidic cannabinoids, in particular, are very unstable and do not last very long when exposed to the air.
Any impurities in the cannabis-infused oil will also affect how long a cannabis-infused oil will last. Therefore, properly straining any plant material from the oil is essential to prevent mold and bacteria growth.
Kept in a cool, dark place, cannabis-infused oil should retain its potency for about 1-1.5 years. Room temperature is appropriate if your indoor environment stays below 70 degrees Fahrenheit.
Infuse Oil to Retain Terpenes
Much of the flavor and effect of cannabis come from its terpenes and flavonoids . Infusing decarboxylated cannabis into oil will impart the flavor of the cannabis into the oil. While the terpenes and flavonoids may be pleasant when smelled (and even smoked or vaporized), the taste of cannabis when eaten is not usually as pleasant. Many people try to overcome the taste with sugar, hence the huge variety of medicated sweet treats like pot brownies .
Strain to Help Get Rid of Unpleasant Tastes
Straining away the plant material from the oil will reduce the unpleasant taste but not eliminate it. Matching the flavor profile of the cannabis-infused oil to the dish is possible but not easy considering the number of terpenes and terpenoids at play. Other ingredients can mask the flavor, as can infusing the oil with other herbs and spices.
Reach out to one of the qualified physicians at Leafwell to learn more about the health benefits of canna oil and other cannabis products. Our doctors are here to help you quickly apply for a medical marijuana card.
How Can I Legally Buy Cannabis to Make Canna Oil?
Stay informed about the current cannabis laws in your state to know if you can legally buy cannabis to make canna oil.
Is Canna Oil the Same as CBD Oil?
No. The difference between canna oil and CBD oil comes down to THC. Canna oil contains a significant amount of THC, while CBD oil contains only trace amounts of THC, i.e., not enough to have psychoactive effects.
How Long Does It Take to Make Cannabis Oil?
If using a double-boiler, the infusion process to make canna oil takes approximately 6 to 8 hours until you have a final product.
Mixing CBD flower with THC flower — CBD:THC Ratios
Undeniably, there are many people who enjoy smoking hemp and/or cannabis either on their own, or mixed with tobacco, but it’s becoming more and more common to hear of people mixing CBD with THC for their joints.
If you’re wondering how to mix hemp with cannabis, then you’re in the right place as we explain the benefits of using CBD and THC together, as well as the best CBD:THC ratio for your next preroll.
- Mixing CBD and THC Together
- CBD vs THC
- The Benefits of Mixing
- The Perfect CBD:THC Ratio
- How To Mix Hemp With Cannabis
Mixing CBD Flower with THC Flower
After being prohibited for nearly 100 years, hemp is experiencing somewhat of a renaissance period and while it has a great number of useful applications, it’s the cannabinoid content in CBD hemp flower that has stolen much of the media’s attention thus far.
Smokable hemp has become increasingly popular since its legalization, for the perceived health benefits of CBD, as well as the unique and enjoyable user experience it offers.
The majority of people who are smoking THC cannabis are also doing so for the same reasons. Either for the benefits, or for the unique and enjoyable (although very different) user experience, so what can possibly be gained from mixing the two? Does CBD counteract THC? And if so, why mix them together?
FOCUSED | RELAXED | CBG FLOWER
CBD vs THC
Both CBD and THC are reported to possess numerous health benefits, not to mention all of the other cannabinoids that can be found in both hemp and cannabis.
The biggest difference between these two popular cannabinoids is that THC will get you high and CBD will not. The high associated with THC usually makes people feel euphoric and relaxed, but it can also lead to undesirable effects in some people, such as feelings of paranoia and panic .
When THC enters the bloodstream, it directly binds itself to cannabinoid receptors throughout the nervous system and brain, sparking off a series of chemical changes that lead to feelings of altered consciousness (intoxication). This is true for both Delta-9 THC (found in cannabis) and Delta-8 THC (federally legal when derived from hemp).
CBD, on the other hand, is slightly more mysterious and rather than bind to any receptors it stimulates them, causing our body to produce its own cannabinoids, namely anandamide (also known as our bliss chemical).
On top of this, CBD also appears to target other receptors in the body including those for serotonin (regulates mood, memory, and sleep), TRPV1 (regulates perception of pain), GPR55 (regulates anxiety), and PPAR (regulates metabolism).
Click here to view all our best CBD strains.
Get 20% off on your first order!
We ship to all 50 states!
Benefits of Using CBD and THC Together
Before explaining the amounts of hemp and cannabis you should be mixing together, let’s take a look at some of the main benefits that can be enjoyed by pairing them.
1. Enhanced Effects
The majority of people who enjoy mixing CBD with THC, do so for the enhanced effects that can be achieved thanks to the entourage effect.
The term entourage effect was originally used back in 1998 by the Granddaddy of cannabis research, Dr Raphael Mechoulam. Having studied the cannabis plant for over 50 years, he noticed that greater, more enhanced effects were achieved when cannabinoids were consumed synergistically, with each other, as well as with other plant matter.
A study published in the Journal of Pain and Symptom Management found that a patient group given a combination of THC and CBD together, experienced better relief from pain and discomfort and improved sleep, than either of the patient groups who received THC-only or placebos.
Several animal studies have also concluded that CBD and THC work synergistically, one of which even went so far as to test different ratios, finding that a 1:1 ratio of CBD:THC was the most effective.
2. Reduce the High
Your desire for (or fear of) THC’s effects will most likely have dictated which smoking camp you have sat in, in the past.
But for whatever reason (kids, work or paranoia), many people choose to reduce their THC intake later in life and CBD is a much healthier and beneficial alternative to a tobacco mix.
THC’s ability and CBD’s inability to intoxicate isn’t the only difference between these two cannabinoids.
One of the other standout features of CBD is its neuroprotective properties. Not only does CBD not get you high, but much anecdotal evidence suggests that it also counteracts some of the more negative intoxicating effects of THC.
Scientists and academics seem to be in agreement too. For example, a paper published in 2012 in the Journal of Pharmacology discussed how CBD reduced feelings of paranoia and memory impairment that was caused by THC.
Selective breeding of cannabis over the years has resulted in much of the market being flooded with incredibly high THC strains that have little or no CBD content left in them. The cannabis of today is a far cry from what our parents may have been smoking ‘back in the day’, but by mixing our hemp and cannabis together, we can enjoy a much more natural, reliable, and pleasant experience.
Flower Sample Pack
6 STRAIN CBD SAMPLER
Flower Sample Pack #2
NEW 6 STRAIN SAMPLE PACK
Orange Sorbet Indoor
CITRUS | GAS | NIGHTTIME
INCREDIBLE FLAVOR| GAS | NIGHTTIME
Half Baked Indoor
DIESEL | DENSE NUGS | NIGHTTIME
MANDARINE | VANILLA | ANYTIME
Get 20% off on your first order!
We ship to all 50 states!
The Perfect CBD:THC Ratio
You can probably already guess that the more CBD involved in the mix, the less intoxicated you’ll feel and vice versa.
Below you’ll find some of the more common ratios you’re likely to come across. Once you’ve figured out where you comfortably stand on the “highness to sobriety” sliding scale, you can skip on ahead to the How to Mix Hemp With Cannabis section lower down in the article.
CBD:THC – 1:1
A ratio of 1:1 is considered to be the golden ratio of CBD to THC (even according to the scientists!).
If you consume this perfect ratio then you should expect to feel obvious psychoactive effects from the THC.
The high you feel, however, will be considerably less than if you’d consumed no CBD at all and any negative feelings such as paranoia and anxiety will be considerably reduced.
CBD:THC – 2:1
At a two to one ratio, users will still certainly notice a high feeling, but not enough to feel intoxicated or completely overwhelmed by the feeling.
A 2:1 ratio will most likely leave you feeling uplifted and creative, without any negative feelings that may come with THC intoxication.
CBD:THC – 8:1
An 8:1 ratio is perfect for daytime users that need to stay in high functioning mode.
Although a very light high may be felt, there won’t be any impairment to your productivity or functionality.
CBD:THC – 20:1
This ratio has just a very small amount of THC in it and is recommended to first-time cannabis users that wish to enjoy the entourage effects of the two cannabinoids working together, but with absolutely no high feeling at all.
CBD:THC – 1:0
This ratio is effectively describing just the smokable hemp on its own and is the best option for anyone who wants no risk of a high while experiencing the benefits of the hemp plant.
100% CBD hemp flower has become more popular over the past years as a cognitive enhancer and as a way to remedy specific physical, mental and behavioural difficulties. We have listed it as 1:0 although it does in fact contain trace amounts of THC. For a true zero-percent THC experience try our CBD sleep gummies.
How To Mix Hemp With Cannabis
Ok, so you know your ideal hemp to cannabis ratio. In fact, you may even have a couple of different strengths in mind for different uses (daytime/nighttime), but before you start mixing and smoking, don’t forget that some people are much more sensitive to THC than others, so if you’re relatively new to all this, start low and go slow!
There are two different ways you could approach your mixing of the two herbs:
The Easy Way – Pair by Potency
By far, the easiest way to mix your dream ratio of hemp with cannabis is to choose two strains that are similarly potent. To achieve the golden 1:1 ratio of THC to CBD, then you would just have to use half hemp and half cannabis. Easy.
It will also be much easier to mix up any of the other ratios you might desire to best suit your differing daytime, nighttime, and weekend routines.
When the strains possess similar potency, you just need to weigh up (or eye up) two, eight or 20 parts of CBD flower for every one part of THC flower. However, if you’re not scared of a bit of math then it may be better to pair your hemp and cannabis in a different way…
The Better Way – Pair by Effect
Hemp and cannabis strain pairing, in our humble opinion, is better done by following your nose.
In other words, decide which terpenes are most desirable to you and then choose both your hemp and cannabis strains to compliment your ideal terpene blend, whether it be invigorating and uplifting, or to help you relax and shut off from the world. Learn more about Indica and Sativa hemp flower here.
If you don’t pair your strains in this way, then you run the risk of each of the strain’s terpenes actually working against each other, potentially negating that part of the user experience.
As we said, you will need to do a bit of math to work out the correct amounts of hemp and cannabis that you’ll need to achieve your ideal ratio, but once you’ve worked it out you can make a note of your numbers so you don’t have to do it again!
It’s also good to premix batches of hemp and cannabis together to save you from calculating and weighing it out each time.