Parable of the Sower: What Type of Soil Are You?
“A farmer went out to sow his seed. As he was scattering the seed, some fell along the path, and the birds came and ate it up. Some fell on rocky places . . . Other seed fell among thorns . . . Still other seed fell on good soil.” — Matthew 13:3–8.
Although this is often known as the parable of the sower and the seed, it can also be said this is a parable about the soil. All four types of soil are essentially the same dirt but are in different conditions and respond in different ways to cultivation.
What made one soil more responsive and the other less?
When the New Testament was written, communities were agriculturally based. A family would be appointed a section of land to farm. Every farmer’s plot was adjacent to their neighbor’s. In order to get to the fields, the farmers would walk along the boundaries bordering each field to avoid stepping on the growing plants. The “path” was held in common by all the farmers. Over time, the soil on the path would compact. It was never plowed and never fertilized. In the parable, the seed that is sown on the path is not able to penetrate the ground because of the constant use. The condition of the first soil is hard and impermeable.
The second type of soil mentioned in the parable is the “rocky” places” or the shallow soil where the plow didn’t cut deeply enough to break up the shale or hard ground just below the surface. This soil produced only plants with weak, shallow roots.
The third type of soil mentioned is the thorny soil, most likely found in the corners of the field where the plow couldn’t reach; here, weeds overtook what was planted.
All the types of soils mentioned here are actually in the same plot of ground with one major difference: Only one area was fully yielded to cultivation, to being changed and prepared for planting. That area was called the good soil.
The greatest amount of fruit produced was not determined by how rich the soil was, but how yielded to the plow it was. The soil in each condition received seed, but not all produced quality fruit.
Everyone receives seed, the Word of God. Everyone has potential for the harvest, living a fruitful life, but the ones who will produce the most fruit will be the ones most yielded to cultivation.
How I apply this passage is by asking questions: Can I be “cultivated” in my life? How correctable am I? How quickly do I repent? Can I self-correct? The greater my yielding to God’s cultivation the greater the capacity of my fruitfulness in life.
Father, create in me a soft heart, an open heart that is readily yielded to your Word and your commands. Make me fruitful, I pray. Amen.
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Matthew 13:8 Parallel Verses [⇓ See commentary ⇓]
Matthew 13:8, NIV: Still other seed fell on good soil, where it produced a crop–a hundred, sixty or thirty times what was sown.
Matthew 13:8, ESV: Other seeds fell on good soil and produced grain, some a hundredfold, some sixty, some thirty.
Matthew 13:8, KJV: But other fell into good ground, and brought forth fruit, some an hundredfold, some sixtyfold, some thirtyfold.
Matthew 13:8, NASB: But others fell on the good soil and yielded a crop, some a hundred, some sixty, and some thirty times as much.
Matthew 13:8, NLT: Still other seeds fell on fertile soil, and they produced a crop that was thirty, sixty, and even a hundred times as much as had been planted!
Matthew 13:8, CSB: Still other seed fell on good ground and produced fruit: some a hundred, some sixty, and some thirty times what was sown.
What does Matthew 13:8 mean? [⇑ See verse text ⇑]
Jesus has been describing types of soil in a field being planted by a farmer. As the farmer sows his seed, Jesus has described it as falling on various kinds of bad soil, including the hard-packed path, rocky spots, and place with thorns growing. In each case, the seed fails to produce plants that survive or thrive (Matthew 13:1–7). Each of these represents a person whose spiritual "soil" is not receptive in one way or another (Matthew 13:19–22).
Thankfully, this parable also includes what happens when the seed falls on good soil in the field. Each seed germinates, takes root, and grows. There is deep soil, and no weeds to compete with. So, the plant thrives into full maturity. Each plant replicates itself multiple times over: one planted seed produces a plant with thirty, sixty, or one hundred additional seeds. According to most scholars, these would have been considered good yields for a field in the Galilee region, where Jesus was teaching.
Christ will eventually explain the point of the parable to His disciples (Matthew 13:18–23). The sowing of the seed represents preaching about the kingdom of heaven. The types of soil represent the types of people who hear His message. Seeds that don't grow into fully mature plants represent those who don't understand the message, don't have the depth to keep going after receiving the message, or don't commit to the kingdom because of the cares of the world or deceitfulness of wealth.
Seeds that result in productive plants represent those who receive the message and commit to Jesus and the kingdom of heaven.