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weed free fescue seed

GCI Turf Type Tall Fescue Grass Seed | GCI

GCI Turf Type is a 3-way mixture of high-quality Turf Type Tall Fescue.

Product Description:

GCI is proud to be known for having “weed-free” grass seeds, 0% weed seed, and 0% other crop. They look for three basic things when choosing the varieties that go in their grass seed mixes/blends. It must be readily available to them, it must have an excellent history in the NTEP trials (National Turfgrass Evaluation Program), and it must be affordable.

Here’s what you can expect in your GCI Turf Type Tall Fescue:

  • Saltillo: Tall Fescue was developed by Pure-Seed Testing, Inc. It is a dark green cultivar with an excellent summer turf performance. Saltillo was selected for salt tolerance and brown patch resistance. Saltillo has a very good heat tolerance and resistance to brown patch, and gray leaf spot.
  • Coronado TDH: Tall Fescue was developed by Pure-Seed Testing, Inc. It is a dark green cultivar with excellent drought tolerance. Coronado TDH requires less water to stay green longer than other tall fescues under drought stress. Coronado TDH has good heat tolerance and resistance to brown patch, and gray leaf spot.
  • FALCON IV: (tall fescue) Falcon IV is a new and improved, heat and disease resistant, tall fescue variety developed for superior turf quality across a wide area of adaptation. It is dark green in color, fine textured with excellent wear tolerance. Falcon IV exhibits a unique combination of traits including dense growth, improved turf quality, and resistance to brown patch. Falcon IV is endophyte-enhanced tall fescue.

How much seed to use?

  • Overseeding into an existing poor lawn: Six – eight (6-8) pounds per 1000 square feet.
  • Overseeding into an existing nice lawn: Three – six (3-6) pounds per 1000 square feet.
  • Seeding bare ground: Eight – ten (8 -10) pounds per 1000 square feet.

When should you plant TTTF?

Fall is a great time to seed TTTF. Plant TTTF seed when soil temperatures are between 50° and 65°F. Your air temperature should be around 60° to 75°at this time. The fescue in TTTF seed will germinate anywhere from 4 – 10 days to germinate. Mid August – Mid October is a great time frame depending on where you live in the country and what your soil and air temperatures are. We only recommend springtime seeding when absolutely necessary.


The trick to seed germination is to KEEP THE SEED MOIST! Water multiple times a day, light and frequently every day to ensure the ground and seed stay moist. TTTF seed can take anywhere from 4 to 10 days to germinate depending on environmental conditions. Be patient. it will come up with time. Once you have germination you can slowly revert back to watering 1” per week. deep and infrequent. During hot, dry weather established TTTF may need as much as 1.5” – 2” of water per week.

100% Crop and Weed Free Advanced Fescue Blend

An outstanding blend of three of the newest dwarf fescues available. These varieties represent the latest in turfgrass breeding technology with improved insect and disease resistance, darker color, finer texture and dwarf growing habit for less maintenance. “New Millennia” is comprised of the highest rated varieties of tall fescue according to USDA tests of tall fescue cultivars. This seed blend has shown in standard tests to be free of crop and weed seeds and is suitable for sod production.

Traffic areas where appearance and low maintenance are important:
Lawns, Cemeteries, Playgrounds, Commercial Developments, Parks, Sportsturf.
“New Millennia” is an excellent choice in hot inland valleys where it will maintain its deep green color year round.

New turf: 10-12 pounds per 1000 square feet or 400-500 pounds per acre.
Overseeding: 6-8 pounds per 1000 square feet or 250-350 pounds per acre.

Emergence: 10-14 days with proper irrigation
First mowing: Approximately 25 days.
First limited use: Approximately 40 days.

Climatic Conditions: All (except high altitude)
Soils: All types
pH range: 5.5 to 6.5 preferred, 4.7 to 8.5 tolerated
Fertilization: 2 to 4 pounds of actual nitrogen per year in a balanced fertilizer
Mowing height: 2-3 inches in warm seasons, 1 1/2- 2 inches in cool seasons.

“New Millennia” is a registered trademark of Stover Seed Company and is available only from Stover Seed or an authorized dealer. The ingredients used in “New Millennia” are exclusively distributed by Stover Seed and represent the latest improvements in turfgrass breeding and development. Accept no substitutions.

2nd Millennium Tall Fescue
Focus Tall Fescue
Avenger Tall Fescue

98% Minimum purity
90% Minimum germination
0% Crop Seed
0% Weed Seed

National Tall Fescue Test
2005 Data
Quality Ratings 1-9; 9=ideal turf
Transition Region

Justice (#1 rank)
2nd Millennium*
Regiment II
Jaquar 3
Falcon II

National Tall Fescue Test
2005 Data
Brown Patch (warm temperature)
Ratings 1-9; 9=No Disease

Magellan (#1 rank)
Jaguar 3
2nd Millennium*
Falcon II
Olympic Gold

Fescue Grass Weed Control

While it may be hard to believe, most weeds actually blow into your lawn as seeds and sprout the minute they find enough bare soil, moisture, and light to grow. This is true for both annual weeds and perennial weeds. Annual weeds sprout, grow, flower, seed, and die within one year. Perennial weeds sprout from a seed as well, but the weed plant continues to grow and spread for more than one season.

Unfortunately, all fescue lawns weaken during the hot Southern summers and a thinning lawn is the perfect place for a weed seed to germinate and grow. Consequently, your ultimate goal becomes to grow a thick lawn that will naturally crowd out weed seeds.

There are two ways to accomplish this. First, correct fundamental problems like shade, poor drainage, and soil compaction that make growing a thick fescue lawn difficult. Second, stay on top of lawn maintenance. Fescue lawns need to be nurtured during the hot summer and a couple of weeks without water or mowing can be devastating. Also, you will need to incorporate a weed control program into your yearly maintenance activities.

Types of Weed Control for Fescue Grass

Pre-Emergence weed controls: kill immature weeds immediately after they germinate and before they emerge from the soil surface. Since annual weeds like annual bluegrass and henbit die and return from seed each year, a pre emergence wed control will eradicate them from your fescue grass lawn over several seasons. At the same time, it will prevent annual and perennial weed seeds that blow into your lawn from emerging. Most pre-emergence products are sold in a granular from with or without fertilizer that you spread using a fertilizer spreader. If is important to spread the chemical wall to wall at the recommended rate. Areas that are not covered by the chemical will not be protected. After spreading the product, irrigate your lawn with at least .5 inches of water to activate the chemical (unless otherwise stated on the bag). Once activated, pre- emergence weed controls create a chemical barrier in the upper inches of your lawn that will prevent weed seeds from germinating. Do not cultivate, aerate, or disturb the soil after treating your lawn or you will disrupt the chemical barrier and open the soil to weed infiltration. Pre emergence weed controls are usually effective for 2-3 months, depending on the temperature and amount of rainfall.

Post-emergence weed controls: kill weeds that are already growing in your lawn. These products are referred to as "selective" since they are targeted at specific annual and perennial weeds listed on the label. Usually, controls will either treat grassy weeds like crabgrass or broadleaf weeds like chickweed. Choose the weed control spray that best suits your needs. You may need to purchase a spray for each category of weeds. In most cases, post emergence products are designed to disrupt one of the weed’s critical metabolic processes and should be sprayed when the weed is actively growing. If the weed is dormant because of cold weather or drought it may not die. Post emergence products are most often sold in liquid spray. The liquid sprays are very effective when weeds are young and actively growing. Spray on a day when your air temperatures are 60 to 80 degrees and the grass is dry. Avoid spraying during the 4-6 weeks in the spring when your fescue grass is greening up. Post emergence weed controls are sometimes sold in granular form that is spread with a fertilizer spreader when the grass is wet. The dry particles need the moist to adhere to the weed leaves.

Another group of post emergence weed controls are the non selective sprays such as Round-Up. The term non-selective means they will kill all vegetation including Fescue grass. The trick is that non selective weed sprays are absorbed through plant leaves. During the winter months when your Bermuda grass is brown, you can carefully spray green weed without affecting dormant Fescue grass. WATCH OUT!

When to apply weed controls

When it comes to weed control in a fescue lawn, timing is critical. Pre-emergence weed control shave to be applied before weed seeds germinate or they are useless. Post-emergence weed control sprays and granules have to be applied when the weeds are young, tender, and actively growing. I have found that when it comes to weed control, it is always better to be a little early rather than a little late.

Under normal conditions, a well-grown fescue lawn will remain weed-free with two applications of granular pre-emergence weed control (late winter and early fall) and spot treatments of problem weeds in mid-winter and early summer.

Late winter: Apply a pre-emergence weed control without fertilizer when the soil temperature reaches a consistent 50°. This is usually February/early March, when Forsythia is in bloom. This application will control annual weeds and perennial weeds that germinate in the spring. Do not aerate for 3 months after you apply pre-emergence weed control because it will affect the chemical barrier. Irrigate after applying unless other wise instructed on the bag. Be sure not to use a pre-emergence weed control that contains fertilizer. If you fertilize now, you might stimulate your lawn to break dormancy during a warm spell, only to be damaged by freezing temperatures soon thereafter.

Spring and Summer: Begin treating weed outbreaks as soon as you see them with a post-emergence weed control spray approved for use on fescue. Weeds will die quickly when they are young and actively growing. Spray on a calm day when the air temperature is 60-80°. Avoid spraying newly seeded or sodded fescue, however, until you have mowed at least twice.

If your lawn is still overrun with weeds in mid-spring, consider using a combination fertilizer/ post-emergence weed control (granular form) when you fertilize in early April. Apply pre-emergence weed control without fertilizer 2-3 months after your late winter application to control the annual and perennial weeds that continue to germinate into the summer. This is usually around June 1 st . If your lawn is mostly weed-free, you can skip this application.

Early fall: Apply pre-emergence weed control (without fertilizer) to fescue lawns when soil temperatures drop to 70°. This is usually mid-September in the upper south and late September in the middle South. Do not apply pre-emergence weed control if you are planning to seed, sod, or reseed your fescue lawn in the fall. It will prevent fescue seed from germinating.

Winter: (optional application). This is usually in late November/early December. If your lawn is mostly weed-free, and weeds do not usually blow in from surrounding areas, you can skip this application. Use a product approved for use on Fescue and apply at the rate recommended on the bag. Irrigate after applying unless otherwise stated on the bag.

During the winter, treat winter weed outbreaks as soon as you see them with a post-emergence weed control spray approved for use on Fescue. This is usually in January and February. Most of your problems this time of year will be from annual weeds like annual bluegrass and henbit. Spray on a warm after-noon (air temperature is at least 60°) when the weeds are young and actively growing. It may take two applications to kill them.